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Ernest, Margrave of Austria

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Margravate  1018–1055
Father  Adalbert
Predecessor  Adalbert
Mother  Frozza Orseolo

Successor  Leopold II
Name  Ernest, of
Family  House of Babenberg
Died  June 10, 1075
Ernest, Margrave of Austria
Spouse  Adelaide of Eilenburg, Swanhilde of Ungarnmark
Children  Leopold II, Margrave of Austria
Parents  Frozza Orseolo, Adalbert, Margrave of Austria
Grandchildren  Leopold III, Margrave of Austria
Grandparents  Leopold I, Margrave of Austria, Grimelda of Hungary, Richardis of Sualafeldgau, Otto Orseolo

Ernest (German: Ernst, 1027 – 10 June 1075), known as Ernest the Brave (Ernst der Tapfere), was the Margrave of Austria from 1055 to his death in 1075. He was a member of the House of Babenberg.



He was born to Margrave Adalbert of Austria and his wife Frozza Orseolo, daughter of Doge Otto Orseolo of Venice. He increased the territory of his margraviate by amalgamating the Bohemian and Hungarian frontier marches up to the Thaya, March and Leitha rivers in what is today Lower Austria. In his time, the colonisation of the remote Waldviertel region was begun by his ministeriales, the Kuenring knights.

Ernest received his epithet due to his fighting against King Béla I of Hungary and his son Géza I on behalf of their rival Solomon according to the chronicler Lambert of Hersfeld. In the commencing Investiture Controversy, he sided with King Henry IV of Germany and battled against the Saxons, dying at the Battle of Langensalza.

Marriage and children

In 1060 Ernest married Adelaide of Eilenburg (1040 – 26 January 1071), daughter of the Wettin margrave Dedi I of Lusatia, who gave him three children:

  • Leopold II, Margrave of Austria (1050 – 1095)
  • Justitia (d. 1120/22), married Count Otto II of Wolfratshausen
  • Adalbert of Pernegg, Count of Bogen
  • In 1072 he secondly married Swanhild, daughter of Count Sighard VII in the Hungarian March.


    Ernest, Margrave of Austria Wikipedia

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