|Covid-19|An episode of plague and famine breaks out in North Africa.
December – The Samanid dynasty ends in Bokhara.
The Liao dynasty launches a major offensive against the Song dynasty. Their armies meet near Shanyang, north of the Song capital of Kaifeng.
Battle of Shanzhou: The Liao dynasty general Xiao Talin is picked off, by an elite Song Chinese crossbow sniper.
Jingdezhen porcelain enters a period of significant production.
May 14 – Henry II is crowned King of Italy at Pavia. A quarrel between his German companions and the Pavese erupts into a full-scale battle.
Henry II launches a war against Bolesław of Poland (which lasts until 1018).
Boleslaus I of Poland loses Bohemia, after having become duke the previous year. He is succeeded as Duke of Bohemia by Jaromir.
Sancho III becomes king of Navarre, Aragon and Castille.
Sweyn I of Denmark destroys Norwich.
Aberdeen becomes a bishopric.
The Arabs sack Pisa.
The troops of Vizier Al-Mansur sack the Catalan city of Manresa.
Pope John XVIII begins his reign (or 1003).
Abdallah ibn Al-Aftas (approximate date) (d. 1060)
Goda of England (d. 1055)
November 13 – Abbo of Fleury
Adelaide of Aquitaine, wife of Hugh Capet
Erik the Red (or 1003) (b. 950)
Li Jiqian, Tangut jiedushi who ruled the new Western Xia Dynasty in northwestern China (b. 963)
Year 1004 (MIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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