Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

1 Hexene

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Formula  C6H12
Density  673 kg/m³
Appearance  Colorless liquid
Molar mass  84.1608 g/mol
Classification  Alkene
1-Hexene httpspubchemncbinlmnihgovimageimgsrvfcgi
Thermodynamic data  Phase behaviour solid–liquid–gas

Hexane to 1 hexene 2 hexene and 3 hexene reaction mechanism organic chemistry


1-Hexene (also Hex-1-ene) is an organic compound with the formula C6H12. It is an alkene that is classified in industry as higher olefin and an alpha-olefin, the latter term meaning that the double bond is located at the alpha (primary) position, endowing the compound with higher reactivity and thus useful chemical properties. 1-Hexene is an industrially significant linear alpha olefin. 1-Hexene is a colourless liquid.

Contents

1-Hexene hexene C6H12 ChemSpider

Production

1-Hexene 1Hexene CAS 592416 SCBT

1-Hexene is commonly manufactured by two general routes: (i) full-range processes via the oligomerization of ethylene and (ii) on-purpose technology. A minor route to 1-hexene, used commercially on smaller scales, is the dehydration of hexanol. Prior to the 1970s, 1-hexene was also manufactured by the thermal cracking of waxes. Linear internal hexenes were manufactured by chlorination/dehydrochlorination of linear paraffins.

1-Hexene cis1Iodo1Hexene C6H11I ChemSpider

"Ethylene oligomerization" combines ethylene molecules to produce linear alpha-olefins of various chain lengths with an even number of carbon atoms. This approach result in a distribution or “full range” of alpha-olefins. The Shell higher olefin process (SHOP) employs this approach. Linde and SABIC have developed the α-SABLIN technology using the oligomerization of ethylene to produce 21 percent 1-hexene. CP Chemicals and Innovene also have full-range processes. Typically, 1-hexene content ranges from about twenty percent distribution in the Ethyl (Innovene) process, whereas only twelve percent of distribution in the CP Chemicals and Idemitsu processes.

1-Hexene 1Hexene Wikipedia

An on purpose route to 1-hexene using ethylene trimerization was first brought on stream in Qatar in 2003 by Chevron-Phillips. A second plant was scheduled to start in 2011 in Saudi Arabia and a third planned for 2014 in the US. The Sasol process is also considered an on-purpose route to 1-hexene. Sasol commercially employs Fischer-Tropsch synthesis to make fuels from synthesis gas derived from coal. The synthesis recovers 1-hexene from the aforementioned fuel streams, where the initial 1-hexene concentration cut may be 60% in a narrow distillation, with the remainder being vinylidenes, linear and branched internal olefins, linear and branched paraffins, alcohols, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, and aromatic compounds. The trimerization of ethylene by homogeneous catalysts has been demonstrated. An alternative on-purpose route has been reported by Lummus Technology.

Applications

1-Hexene 4Methyl1hexene CAS 3769231 SCBT

The primary use of 1-hexene is as a comonomer in production of polyethylene. High-density polyethylene (HDPE) and linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) use approximately 2–4% and 8–10% of comonomers, respectively.

1-Hexene 2propyl1hexene C9H18 ChemSpider

Another significant use of 1-hexene is the production of the linear aldehyde heptanal via hydroformylation (oxo synthesis). Heptanal can be converted to the short-chain fatty acid heptanoic acid or the alcohol heptanol.

1-Hexene

References

1-Hexene Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Freedom Machines
Kenny Malone
Pavel Smirnov
Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L