"the Jahalin Arabs"
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ʿArab al-Jahalin also known as al-Jabal (Arabic: عرب الجهالّين; Hebrew: עראב אל-ג'האלין) is a Palestinian Bedouin village in the Jerusalem Governorate, located five kilometers southeast of Jerusalem in the West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), ʿArab al-Jahalin had a population of approximately 1,205 inhabitants in mid-year 2006. The village is situated on a hillside outside al-Eizariya and 300 meters away from the Jerusalem Municipal dump. It is located in Area C of the West Bank. While the Israeli government has full control over the village, the populace hold Palestinian IDs.
Map of Jahalin
ʿArab al-Jahalin contains a mosque, a seven-class school and a 12-class school. The village is linked to the East Jerusalem electricity system and has running water. as-Sawahira ash-Sharqiya shares the facilities, particularly schools and health amenities with the villages of ʿArab al-Jahalin, Jabal Mukaber and ash-Sheikh Sa'd. The healthcare facilities for as-Sawahira ash Sharqiya are designated as Ministry of Health level 2. All residents of the ʿArab al-Jahalin are considered refugees and have UNRWA refugee papers.
The ʿArab al-Jahalin tribe were originally based around Tel Arad in the northern Negev, but were entirely evicted from the area in the early 1950s by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Prior to Israel's victory in the 1967 Six-Day War, they were traveling and herding their livestock between Ramallah, Wadi Qelt and Jerusalem, maintaining the traditional Bedouin lifestyle. In particular, the ʿArab al-Jahalin bred sheep. After the war, the IDF confiscated most of the al-Jahalin lands and as a result, tribe members settled in area beside the Israeli settlement of Ma'ale Adumim outside Jerusalem.
In July 1994, the IDF issued an eviction order, which provoked tribe members to appeal to the Supreme Court of Israel which rejected their appeal. Throughout the 1990s there were 100-120 military or court orders for the eviction of al-Jahalin Bedouin. The mass eviction occurred in 1996 when all 4,000 members of ʿArab al-Jahalin tribe were evicted from their encampments. However, in 1998, another appeal resulted in a deal between the Israeli Civil Administration and representatives of 35 al-Jahalin families (about 200 individuals) who were permitted to "lease state lands" that originally belonged to the Palestinian town of Abu Dis. Thus, the village of ʿArab al-Jahalin was founded.
In 2012, plans to relocate the tribe adjacent to the Abu Dis garbage dump were dropped and the Civil Administration will select a different site. On 16 September 2014 it was announced that they would be moved to a new area in the Jordan Valley north of Jericho. A documentary film about the current status of the Jahalin was released in April 2012.