Spouse(s) Mary Wood
|Name William Buckland|
|Born 5 September 1798Wraysbury, Berkshire, England|
Occupation surveyor and auctioneer
Parent(s) Thomas Buckland and Ann Virgoe
Died November 1, 1870, Wraysbury, United Kingdom
William Thomas Buckland was born on 5 September 1798 in Wraysbury now in Berkshire, England, in the house on Longbridge Farm where he later lived, and where he died on 1 November 1870. He became an innovative surveyor and auctioneer, as well as establishing the Baptist Chapel in Wraysbury. He was married at St James's, Westminster on 25 September 1820 to Mary Wood. They had four sons and six daughters.
- Early life
- Survey and Auctioneering work
- Slough Cattle Market
- By Royal Appointment
- Wraysbury Baptist Chapel
While he was at school in Camberwell, in 1812, his father died, leaving six children, of whom he was the youngest. He left school in July of the following year. His apprenticeship, near Reading, was a 'hard bondage', of which he spoke often in remembrance of its bitterness. In 1820 he became a freeman of the City of London, and commenced business on Holborn bridge.
Survey and Auctioneering work
In 1828 he founded the firm Buckland Surveyors and Auctioneers, later Messrs Buckland and Sons at Windsor. The firm expanded to include branches in Bloomsbury, Slough and Reading, and survived for over 150 years. His work originally included dealing with compensation claims for lands taken for the construction of Railways, under Private Acts of Parliament then in operation, and he was also responsible for the preparation of Tithe Award Maps, some of which can still be seen in the Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies in Aylesbury and other local libraries.
Slough Cattle Market
In September 1850, W T Buckland and his son Thomas began conducting sales of livestock in a field belonging to the North Star Inn near the Great Western Road Railway Station in Slough. They began by holding sales on the first Tuesday of every month. This soon increased to every other Tuesday then finally every Tuesday. The market continued to be run by Buckland and Sons until it finally closed in December 1988.
By Royal Appointment
One of the annual highlights for the firm was the Christmas sale of stock from the Royal Windsor Estates. Held on the same week as the Smithfield Show, buyers came from all over the country to buy something from the monarch. The sale in 1850 was held on 17 December, and included Superior Fat Heifers for £20 each; 10 fat ewes, fed by HRH Prince Albert for 33/10; Fine Old Wether Sheep fed by His Grace the Duke of Buccleuch for 40/6. The sale made a total of £226. On 12 December 1894, Messrs Buckland & Sons were proud to announce:
Despite their long association with the Royal Estates, it was more than 40 years after their founder's death, that George V granted his Royal Warrant to Messrs Buckland & Sons in November 1911.
Wraysbury Baptist Chapel
In 1862, G.W.J. Gyll wrote a description of William Thomas Buckland, including his role in the establishment of the Wraysbury Baptist Chapel: