Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Whitebeam

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Kingdom  Plantae
Scientific name  Sorbus subg. Aria
Order  Rosales
Family  Rosaceae
Rank  Subgenus
Whitebeam wwwtreeguidecomimageswhitebeamflowersjpg

Similar  Sorbus aria, Sorbus × intermedia, Rowan, Arran whitebeams, Sorbus arranensis

The notable trees of the national trust the whitebeams of cheddar gorge leigh woods


The whitebeams are members of the Rosaceae family, comprising subgenus Aria of genus Sorbus, and hybrids involving species of this subgenus and members of subgenera Sorbus, Torminaria and Chamaemespilus. They are deciduous trees with simple or lobed leaves, arranged alternately. They are related to the rowans (Sorbus subgenus Sorbus), and many of the endemic restricted-range apomictic microspecies of whitebeam in Europe are thought to derive from hybrids between S. aria and the European rowan S. aucuparia; some are also thought to be hybrids with the wild service tree S. torminalis, notably the service tree of Fontainebleau Sorbus latifolia in French woodlands.

Contents

Whitebeam The Wildlife Trusts

The best known species is the common whitebeam Sorbus aria, a columnar tree which grows to 25 m (82 ft) tall by 10 m (33 ft) broad, with clusters of white flowers in spring followed by speckled red berries in autumn (fall).

Whitebeam Whitebeam

The arran whitebeams scotland s unique trees


Appearance

Whitebeam Whitebeam Fionncholl Sorbus Politico

The surface of the leaf is an unremarkable mid-green, but the underside is almost white (hence the name) transforming the appearance of the tree in strong winds, as noted by the poet Meredith: "flashing as in gusts the sudden-lighted whitebeam". It is also described as the "wind-beat whitebeam" in Gerard Manley Hopkins' poem "The Starlight Night".

Ecology

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The berries are a favourite of birds, though less palatable (drier, less juicy) than rowan berries. Whitebeams are sometimes used as larval food plants by Lepidoptera species including Short-cloaked Moth.

Uses

Whitebeam treeshopcouk Whitebeam tree sorbus aria Grows well on acid

This tree is grown in parks and large gardens. The cultivars S. aria 'Lutescens' and S. aria 'Majestica' have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Whitebeam ASTPS The Whitebeam

The tough, hard wood is a deep orange when wet, and pale yellow after drying. It suited for woodturning, and was used for furniture, tool handles, and cogs before the use of iron.

The berries are edible and are often made into jelly.

Classification

  • section Aria - Sorbus aria and its close relatives
  • section Alnifoliae - a group of Asian species
  • section Thibeticae - a group of species from the Himalayas and southern China
  • Sorbus intermedia group (nothosubgenus Soraria) - taxa of hybrid origin involving sections Aria and Sorbus
  • Sorbus latifolia group (nothosubgenus Tormaria) - taxa of hybrid origin involving sections Aria and Torminaria
  • References

    Whitebeam Wikipedia