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Vicia ervilia

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Genus  Vicia
Higher classification  Vetches
Order  Fabales
Subfamily  Faboideae
Scientific name  Vicia ervilia
Rank  Species
Vicia ervilia Vicia ervilia ferrebeekeeper
Similar  Vetches, Legumes, Common Vetch, Vicia pannonica, Vicia lutea

Vicia ervilia, known as ervil or bitter vetch, is an ancient grain legume crop of the Mediterranean region. Besides the English names, other common names include: gavdaneh (Persian), kersannah (Arabic), yero (Spanish), rovi (Greek), and bur├žak (Turkish). The nutritional value of the grain for ruminant cattle has guaranteed the continued cultivation of V. ervilia in Morocco, Spain and Turkey. The crop is easy to cultivate and harvest and can be grown on very shallow, alkaline soils.

Vicia ervilia Scientific name Vicia ervilia ONLINE BOTANY

The grain when split resembles red lentils. For human consumption the bitterness of the seeds needs to be removed through leaching by several changes of boiling water. Owing to this bitterness, it is unlikely that someone would accidentally confuse bitter vetch with red lentils. According to Zohary and Hopf, only humans of the poorest economic classes consume this crop, or in times of famine; however, Pliny the Elder states that bitter vetch (ervum) has medicinal value like vetch (vicia), citing the letters of Augustus where the emperor wrote that he regained his health from a diet of bitter vetch (N.H. 18.38).

Vicia ervilia Wellcome Images Vicia ervilia Bitter vetch

The grain is an excellent sheep and cattle feed concentrate. It has been held in high esteem by farmers in the Old World since the beginning of agriculture to improve the nutritional value of bulk feeds.

Vicia ervilia Flora Vascular Toda la informacin detallada sobre la Flora

The wild strains of bitter vetch are limited to an area that includes Anatolia and northern Iraq, with an extension south along the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of Syria and Lebanon. Traces of the earliest domesticated instances were recovered from several archeological sites in Turkey, which have an uncorrected radiocarbon dating of the 7th and 6th millennia BC.

Vicia ervilia 11 Print Flowers Sturms 1901 Linse Vicia Lens Vicia Ervilia 357Re110
Vicia ervilia httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Vicia ervilia Vicia Ervilia Willd Photos 2 FLORA ELECTRONICA Bonnier 13

References

Vicia ervilia Wikipedia


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