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Country  Madagascar
University  University of Toliara
Region  Atsimo-Andrefana
Population  148,500

Toliara (also known as Toliary, formerly Tuléar) is a city in Madagascar.


Map of Toliara

It is the capital of the Atsimo-Andrefana region, located 936 km south-west of Antananarivo.

The current spelling(s) of the name was adopted in the 1970s, and reflects the orthography of the Malagasy language. Many geographic place names were similarly altered in this time from their previous French spellings following Malagasy independence in 1960.

The city has a population of 148,500. As a port town it acts as a major import/export hub for commodities such as sisal, soap, hemp, cotton, rice, and peanuts.

Air Madagascar operates scheduled flights to here.

Geography and Climate

Toliara Beautiful Landscapes of Toliara

Toliara is located on a broad coastal plain, surrounded by dunes and mangroves, near the Tropic of Capricorn in the Mozambique Channel. A nearby barrier reef (the Great Reef) is 18 km long and 3 km wide. The beach area is extended by an underwater beach along the continental shelf that slopes gently seaward. To the north lies the Delta Fiherenana.

Toliara Beautiful Landscapes of Toliara

Toliara is nicknamed the "City of the Sun" because it has a hot climate (28 °C average) and is semi-arid (Köppen BSh), with less than 400 mm annual rainfall. The city is constantly swept by a strong prevailing wind, the Tsiokatimo ("South Wind").


Toliara in the past, History of Toliara

In the 17th century, French buccaneers landed in the bay of St. Augustine near the Tropic of Capricorn, and founded the city to maintain commercial relations It was not until the colonial period, after 1897, when the city really grew: with the efforts of Joseph Gallieni to install French administrative services, previously isolated on the island of Nosy Ve, to form the regional capital. Tulear grew along a grid pattern of cross streets, with wide avenues and public monuments.

Economy and production

Culture and Religion

Toliara Culture of Toliara

Regional cultural highlights include:

  • The Ifaty beach near Tulear is famous for its water and sands.
  • The Museum of Arts and Traditions of the South of Madagascar (in Cedratom) presents the life, crafts and funerary art of the people in the area.
  • The Regional Museum of the University of Toliara: this museum has a small ethnological collection and a huge egg of Aepyornis.
  • The Museum of the Sea, founded by Professor Rabesandratana, is hosted by the Oceanographic Institute and covers the local aquatic flora and fauna, including a coelacanth caught in 1995 near Anakao.
  • The Antsokay Arboretum: Established in 1980 at the initiative of the Swiss amateur botanist Petignat Hermann (1923-2000). This arboretum covers an area of 52 hectares, with more than 920 plant species, lemurs, radiated tortoises, snakes and chameleons.
  • A locally known shell market, on the waterfront, behind the French Alliance, sells shells and various handicraft products.

  • Toliara Culture of Toliara

    Toliara is the seat of a Catholic archbishop.


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    Similar Topics
    Atsimo Andrefana
    Toliara Airport