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The 400 Million

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Directed by  Joris Ivens
Music by  Hans Eisler
Running time  52 minutes
Director  Joris Ivens
Narrated by  Fredric March
6.8/10 IMDb

Written by  Joris Ivens John Ferno
Edited by  Helen van Dongen
Initial release  7 March 1939
Music director  Hanns Eisler
Cinematography  John Ferno
The 400 Million httpsaltrbxdcomresizedfilmposter13259
Release date  March 7, 1939 (1939-03-07) (USA)
Cast  Fredric March, Sidney Lumet, Morris Carnovsky, Robert Q Lewis, Alfred Ryder
Similar  The Battle of China, A Tale of the Wind, The Spanish Earth, How Yukong Moved th, Philips Radio

The 400 million


The 400 Million, also known as China in 1938, was a 1939 black-and-white documentary film by Dutch filmmaker Joris Ivens about the Second Sino-Japanese War, part of the East Asian theater of World War II. The filmmaker moved between the Republican, Communist, and guerrilla forces of the Chinese resistance to Japanese invasion. Their dialogue in Mandarin is accompanied by English translations read by American actors.

Contents

the 400 million


Name

The title refers to the population of China, roughly estimated from the highly untrustworthy official censuses.

Narrative

The film begins with the carnage left by Japanese bombing in northeastern China, describing it as an unprovoked act of aggression. It then provides a brief overview of Chinese history and its connections and importance to Europe and North America. It discusses the modernization undertaken by the Republic and suggests that nascent development provoked Japan's attack. Japan's history of aggression is detailed, with United States's continuing exports of iron and steel to the country pointedly noted. The film takes pains to present the Chinese factions as united against the invaders and ends with some small Chinese victories to suggest a turning tide of battle, especially praising the 8th Route Army.

Legacy

Footage from the film was later incorporated into Frank Capra's American propaganda film The Battle of China, which also made prominent use of "The March of the Volunteers", the song which later became the Chinese National Anthem.

The camera from the film was donated by Ivens to the Chinese Communist Party, which used it to begin the Yan'an Film Group.

References

The 400 Million Wikipedia


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