Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Terpene synthase C terminal domain

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Symbol  Terpene_synth_C
InterPro  IPR005630
Pfam  PF03936
SCOP  5eau
Pfam  structures
Terpene synthase C terminal domain

In molecular biology, this protein domain belongs to the terpene synthase family (TPS). Its role is to synthesize terpenes which are part of primary metabolism, such as sterols and carotene and also part of the secondary metabolism. This entry will focus on the C terminal domain of the TPS protein.



Terpenes synthases have a role in producing important molecules in metabolism, these molecules are part of a large group called terpenoids . In particular, the C terminal domain catalyzes the cyclization of geranyl diphosphate, orienting and stabilizing multiple reactive carbocation intermediates. Or in simpler terms, the C terminal aids the synthesis of new molecules.


It is thought to have at least two alpha helices.


Sequences containing this protein domain belong to the terpene synthase family. It has been suggested that this gene family be designated tps (for terpene synthase). Sequence comparisons reveal similarities between the monoterpene (C10) synthases, sesquiterpene (C15) synthases and the diterpene (C20) synthases. It has been split into six subgroups on the basis of phylogeny, called Tpsa-Tpsf .

  • Tpsa includes vetispiridiene synthase.
  • Tpsb includes (-)-limonene synthase.
  • Tpsc includes copalyl diphosphate synthase (kaurene synthase A).
  • Tpsd includes taxadiene synthase, pinene synthase, and myrcene synthase.
  • Tpse includes ent-kaurene synthase B.
  • Tpsf includes linalool synthase. In the fungus Phaeosphaeria sp. (strain L487) the synthesis of ent-kaurene from geranylgeranyl dophosphate is promoted by a single bifunctional protein.
  • References

    Terpene synthase C terminal domain Wikipedia