13.27 million (2016)
| Region 1|
| Tehran, Karaj, Damavand, Iran|
Persepolis F.C., Esteghlal F.C.
Payame Noor University, University of Tehran, Islamic Azad University, University of Applied Science a, Shahid Beheshti University
Milad Tower, Golestan Palace, Azadi Tower, National Museum of Iran, Sa'dabad Complex
Tehran Province (Persian: استان تهران Ostān-e Tehrān) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It covers an area of 18,909 square kilometres (7,301 sq mi) and is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran.
The province was put as part of First Region with its secretariat located in its capital city, Tehran, upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014.
Tehran Province borders Māzandarān Province in the north, Qom Province in the south, Semnān Province in the east, and Alborz Province in the west. The metropolis of Tehran is the capital city of the province and of Iran. As of June 2005, this province includes 13 townships, 43 municipalities, and 1358 villages.
Tehran Province is the richest province of Iran as it contributes approximately 29% of the country's GDP. Furthermore, it houses approximately 18% of the country's population. Tehran Province is the most industrialized province in Iran; 86.5% of its population resides in urban areas and 13.5% of its population resides in rural areas.
The province gained importance when Tehran was claimed the capital by the Qajar dynasty in 1778. Today, Tehran, with a population of more than 7 million, is ranked amongst the 20 most populous metropolitan cities of the world.
Tehran Province Wikipedia
The province of Tehran has over 12 million inhabitants and is Iran's most densely populated region. Approximately 86.5 percent reside in urban areas and 13.5 percent in rural areas of the province.
The largest rivers of this province are Karaj River and Jajrud River.
Mountain ranges such as The Alborz span the north; Savad Kooh and Firooz Kooh are located in the north east; Lavasanat, Qarah Daq, Shemiranat, Hassan Abad and Namak Mountains are in the southern areas; Bibi Shahr Banoo and Alqadr are situated in the south east and the heights of Qasr-e-Firoozeh being located to the east of the province.
Environmentally, the climate of Tehran province in the southern areas is warm and dry, but in the mountain vicinity is cold and semi-humid, and in the higher regions is cold with long winters. The hottest months of the year are from mid-July to mid-September when temperatures range from 28 °C (82 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) and the coldest months experience 1 °C (34 °F) around December–January, but at certain times in winter it can reach −15 °C (5 °F). Tehran city has moderate winters and hot summers. Average annual rainfall is approximately 200 millimetres (7.9 in), the maximum being during the winter season. On the whole, the province has a semi arid, steppe climate in the south and an alpine climate in the north.
Tehran Province has several archeological sites indicating settlements dating back several thousand years. Until 300 years ago, Rey was the most prominent of the cities of the province. However, the city of Tehran rose to become the larger city and capital of Iran by 1778, and since then has been the political, cultural, economic, and commercial nucleus of Iran.
Tehran has over 1,500 historical sites of cultural significance registered with the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran. The oldest of these in Tehran province are the remains of two sites in Firuzkuh County that date back to the 4th millennium BCE.
Tehran Province is sub-divided into fourteen Counties (shahrestan), listed below with their populations at the 2011 Census:Tehran shahrestan شهرستان تهران 8,293,140
Damavand shahrestan شهرستان دماوند 100,690
Rey shahrestan شهرستان رئ 319,305
Shemiranat shahrestan شهرستان شميرانات 44,061
Varamin shahrestan شهرستان ورامين 526,294
Shahriar shahrestan شهرستان شهريار 624,440
Eslamshahr shahrestan شهرستان اسلامشهر 485,688
Robatkarim shahrestan شهرستان رباطكريم 195,917
Pakdasht shahrestan شهرستان پاكدشت 291,397
Firuzkuh shahrestan شهرستان فيروزكوه 38,712
Qods shahrestan شهرستان قدس 290,663
Malard shahrestan شهرستان ملارد 373,994
Pishva shahrestan شهرستان پيشوا 75,454
Baharestan shahrestan شهرستان بهارستان 523,636
The counties comprise a number of municipalities:Municipalities: Absard, Andisheh, Baghershahr, Baghestan, Boumehen, Chahardangeh, Damavand, Eshtehard, Eslamshahr, Ferdowsieh, Firouzkouh, Garmdarreh, Gharchak, Ghods, Golestan, Shahriar, Javadabad, Hassan Abad, Kahrizak, Kilan, Lavasan, Malard, Nasimshahr, Owshan Fasham Meygoun, Pakdasht, Pardis, Pishva, Robat Karim, Roudehen, Sabashahr, Safadasht, Shahedshahr, Shahriar, Sharifabad, Tehran, Vahidieh, Varamin,
Tehran is the commercial heart of Iran. Tehran province has over 17,000 industrial units employing 390,000 people, 26% of all units in Iran. The province contains 30% of Iran's economy, and comprises 40% of Iran's consumer market. The province has three hydro dams namely Latiyan, Lar, and Amir Kabir as well as two natural lakes, providing the water supply of Tehran and the province.
The province contains 170 mines, over 330 square kilometres of forests, and over 12800 square kilometres of pasture.
Generally speaking, year round, regions such as the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains, especially in the mountains, valleys, and rivers and artificial lakes formed behind the great dams of Amir Kabir, Latiyan and Lar along with natural lakes of Jaban and Tarr provide considerable recreation for the province.
Moreover, due to excessive snowfall in the northern areas of the province during the winter season, the Alborz mountains form an excellent environment for winter sports such as skiing. Dizin, Shemshak, and Tochal are the most popular skiing resorts.
Tehran Province is covered with and connected to other provinces with a big Freeway and Expressway network: Freeway 2 (Tehran-Karaj Freeway): This freeway connects Tehran to the capital city of neighboring province of Alborz, Karaj and continues towards Tabriz and Europe.
Freeway 5 (Tehran-Saveh Freeway): This Freeway connects city of Tehran to its southern suburbs such as Sabashahr, Robat Karim and Parand and continues towards Markazi Province to Saveh and Salafchegan. There are plans to continue the freeway towards Khuzestan.
Freeway 7 (Tehran-Qom Freeway/Khalij-e-Fars (Persian Gulf ) Freeway): This Freeway connects Tehran City to its airport, Imam Khomeini International Airport and continues towards Qom and Esfahan.
Tehran-Pardis Freeway: This freeway connects Tehran City to its northeastern suburds such as Pardis, Bumehen and Rudehen and joins Haraz Road and Firuzkuh Road.
Tehran-Shomal Freeway: This under construction freeway will connect Tehran to Chalus and the touristic areas in Shomal.
Makhsus Road: This road is the old road from Tehran to Karaj. Because trucks are not allowed on the freeway this road has a high congestion of trucks.
Road 38: This road connects Tehran to Shahriar and Malard in southwestern Tehran and continues towards Buin-Zahra in Qazvin Province.
Road 44: This Expressway connects Tehran to Mashhad.
Road 65 (Saidi Expressway/Saveh Road): This road connects Tehran to its southern suburbs such as Chahardangeh, Eslamshahr and Golestan. It continues towards Saveh and further south towards Esfahan, Abadeh, Shiraz and finally the Persian Gulf coastal industrial city of Asaluyeh.
Road 71 (Qom old Road): This road is the road that connected Tehran to Qom as a main road before the opening of the freeway in 1980. It is still an important transit road because trucks are not allowed in the freeway.
(Damavand Road/Haraz Road): This road connects Tehran to cities like Rudehen, Abali and Damavand and continues towards Amol in Mazandaran province in Shomal. It is the most congested road from Tehran to Shomal after Chalous Road.
Road 79 (Firuzkuh Road): This road connects Tehran to Firuzkuh and Qaemshahr and therefore Sari.
Greater Tehran Expressway Network:
The city of Tehran is connected to the North, South, West and East with railway. It has weekly trains for Istanbul. Tehran is the headquarters of RAJA (Iran national railway). There maybe plans to build high speed railway lines from Tehran to Mashhad and Esfahan.
Tehran is served by a system of metro of 3 urban lines (1, 2, 4) and one suburban line (5) serving Karaj and Tehran western suburbs. There are plans to extend the system to 8 urban lines and 4 express suburban lines.
Tehran Province has two main passenger airports:Mehrabad Airport
Imam Khomeini Airport
It also has numbers of air force bases.Darband (hiking trail)
Darabad hiking trail
Darakeh hiking trail
Jahan-e Kudak Park
Azadi Sports complex
Enghelab Sports Complex and Golf course
Several caves, springs, and waterfalls outside Tehran.
Lavizan Forest Park
Vard-Avard Forest Park
Khajeer National Park
Kaveer National Park
Amir Kabir Lake
Lar Protected Natural Habitat
Varjeen Protected Natural Habitat
Soltani Mosque, built by Fath Ali Shah
Atiq Mosque, built in 1663.
Mo'ezz o-dowleh mosque, built by Fath Ali Shah
Haj Seyd Azizollah mosque, built by Fath Ali Shah
Al-javad mosque, Iran's first modernist design mosque.
The Old Sepahsalar mosque, another prominent Qajar era mosque.
The new Sepahsalar Mosque (Madreseh e Motahari)
Filsuf o-dowleh Mosque, Qajar era
Moshir ol-Saltaneh Mosque, Qajar era
Mo'ayyer ol-Mamalik Mosque, Qajar era
Shahr Banu Mausopleum
Javan-mard Qassab Mausoleum, a pre-Islamic semi-mythical hero
Dozens of Imam-zadeh shrines, hundreds of years old, including that of Imam Zadeh Saleh.
Dozens of Saqa Khanehs: traditional places of prayer
Several Tekyehs: traditional places for mourning Muharram ceremonies for Husayn ibn Ali.
Ebn-e Babooyeh cemetery, where numerous Iranian figures, such as Takhti and Ali Akbar Dehkhoda, are buried.
Zahir o-dowleh cemetery, housing the tombs of art and cultural figures such as Iraj Mirza, Mohammad Taghi Bahar, Forough Farrokhzad, Abolhasan Saba, Ruhollah Khaleghi, and Darvish-khan are buried.
Kordan Tomb, Seljuqi era, Karaj.
Maydanak Tomb, 13th century, Karaj
The Polish cemetery north of Tehran, where numerous Western Allied soldiers of World War II are buried
Surep Georg Church, 1790
Thaddeus Bartoqimus Church, 1808
Tatavus Church, from the Qajar era
Enjili Church, 1867
Tehran province's major universities are:Shariaty Technical College
Allameh Tabatabaii University
Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)
Shamsipour Technical College
Baqiyatallah Medical Sciences University
Farabi Institute of Virtual Higher Education
Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST)
Imam Hossein University
Imam Sadeq University (ISU)
Iran University of Medical Sciences
K.N.Toosi University of Technology
Shahid Beheshti University
Sharif University of Technology
Tarbiat Modarres University (Professor Training University)
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Tarbiat Moaalem University
University of The Arts
University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
University of Tehran
Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Science and Research
Islamic Azad University of Pishva
Islamic Azad University of Islamshahr
Islamic Azad University of Karaj
Islamic Azad University of Damavand
Islamic Azad University of Roodehen
Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Medical Sciences
Islamic Azad University of Tehran-North
Islamic Azad University of Tehran-South
Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Central
Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Region one
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
University of Emam Reza
Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM)
Hadith College of Tehran
Imam Ali University for Army Officers
Comprehensive University of Technology
Tehran University of Applied Science and Technology
Tehran College of Environment
Bagher Aloloum University
International University of Iran
Iran College of Tele-communications
Medical University for the Islamic Republic of Iran's Army
NAJA University of Police
School of Economic Affairs (SEA)
School of International Relations
Shahed University of Medical Sciences
Shahid Sattari University of Aeronautical Engineering
University of Islamic Sects
The Research Institute of The Petroleum Industry
Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute
Power and Water Institute of Technology(PWIT)
Payame Noor University