Tawau Division is one of the five administrative sub-divisions of Sabah, Malaysia. It occupies a total of 14,905 square kilometres or 20% of Sabah's territory. The main towns include the capital of Tawau, Lahad Datu, Kunak and Semporna.
Tawau division has 26% of Sabah's total population, with the main native ethnic groups consisting of Bajau, Suluk, Ida'an and Tidong indigenous ethnic groups, a minority of mixed Malay ethnic groups such as Malay Arab, Malay Bugis (Wajo), Malay Iban, Malay Jawa, Malay Banjar, Kokos or Bulungan, and indigenous ethnic groups Lun Bawang/Lun Dayeh. A large numbers of legal and illegal immigrants from Indonesia such as Buginese and Tators, from East Timor the Timorese and from the Philippines the Tausūg and Visayans can be found on this area. As with the rest of Sabah, the cities have a large minority of ethnic Chinese.
Tawau port is the third largest port after Kota Kinabalu and Sandakan. The port serves as a major timber and agricultural products export centre. There are two domestic airports serving the Tawau division: one in Tawau and one in Lahad Datu. Independent Power Producer in Tawau produces 3 x 12 MW power generating capacity for the region.
The division includes the islands of Sipadan and Ligitan, as well as the northern half of Sebatik Island (the southern half lies within Indonesia). It also includes Tawau Hills Park.