A Tatar personal name, being strongly influenced by Russian tradition, consists of two main elements: isem (given name) and familia (family name), and also patronymic. Given name was traditional for Tatars for centuries, family name appeared in the end of the 19th century, when it replaced patronymic. In fact, usage of family name appeared when Russian scribers gave documents to Tatars. Later, being adapted to Soviet tradition, Tatars started to use patronymic as third element, especially in informal communication.
Tatar name Wikipedia
As in Western cultures, a person has a first name chosen by his or her parents. The first name is used before the last name (surname) in most cases and is given so into the main European languages. For usage in other cases see: Names in Russian Empire, Soviet Union and CIS countries.
For Tatars living or born in Russia, every Tatar name has a transliteration in Russian language, due Tatarstan citizens use passports where their names are written in both official languages, Tatar and Russian. Russian version of Tatar name could significantly differ from original Tatar pronunciation, it also could be transliterated into different ways. So, English spelling depends on language from which text is translated. This situations isn't common for all non-Slavic peoples of Russia. Chuvashes and Keräşen Tatars, for example, use Russian (Orthodox Christian) names as official, but they also has their own renderings, that they use as informal.
Modern Tatar names could be divided into several groups by their origin: Turkic names, Oriental names, European names, "revolutionary" names, that appeared in the early Soviet Union, but are still popular. The usage of Slavic or Christian name is uncommon.
Examples (most popular) are shown later. Cyrillic and various Russian variants of names are shown in brackets. Translation or some comments are given later.
Turkic names are names that could be translated from Turkic languages. Sometimes Mongolian and the earliest Arabic and other loans also are described as Turkic. A significant part of those names were used since pre-history. After the islamization of Volga Bulgaria Arab names were spread among nobility, but some of them also had Turkic names. Example is a gravestone of noble woman Altın Börtek (Golden Grift) that was found in Qaban settlement and dates back to the 12th century. Often some person has two names. The real name was probably Islamic, but Turkic name was used to scare away spirits, that may plunge child into woe. Some of those Turkic names that are still in common use could mean that this child is strong and healthy. For example, name Mintimer could be translated as I'm iron. During the 19th century Turkic names were dislodged by Perso-Arab names. In the 1920s during the repressions of religion Tatars returned to Turkic names (some of them were just now invented, such as Aygöl). In modern history the most popularity of Turkic names had fallen on 1980s-1990s.Alim (Алим) - Wise
Almas (Алмас), sometimes could be confused with Almaz, that has Arabic origin and means brilliant. Almas is a Tatar for it will not take (away). The same name had the first Muslim elteber of Volga Bulgaria.
Arslan/Arıslan (Арслан/Арыслан) - Lion
Aydar (Айдар) - Turkic word for Settler
Aynur (Айнур) – Moonlight beam. -nur is an Arabic loan.
Ayrat (Айрат) – unclear. Probably from Arabic hayrat – astonishment of Mongolian for forest people
Azat (Азат) – Free; this word is of Persian origin
İldar (Илдар; Ильдар) – Ruler (has Persian ending)
İldus (Илдус; Ильдус) – Friend of Motherland
İlgiz (Илгиз; Ильгиз) - Traveller
İlşat (Илшат; Ильшат) – Gladness of Motherland
İrek (Ирек; Ирек, Ирик) – Free
Timer (Тимер; Тимур) - Iron
Alsu (Алсу) - Scarlet water
Aygöl (Айгөл; Айгуль) – Moon Flower
Aysılu (Айсылу) – Beauty as Moon
Çulpan (Чулпан) – Turkic for Venus.
Gölçäçäk (Гөлчәчәк; Гульчачак) – Flower (göl is a Persian, çäçäk is a Turkic for flower)
Güzäl, Güzäliä (Гүзәл, Гүзәлия; Гузель, Гузалия) - Beauty
Tañsılu (Таңсылу; Тансылу) – Beauty as Evening-red
Oriental names include names of Arab and Persian origin, and also Jewish and some antique names in Arabian transcription. Those names appeared in the 10th century, but the peak of their popularity had fallen in the 19th century. Those names were often complex and mostly related to religious terms. Male names often ended with -ulla (Allah), -din (religion), -abd (slave of the God), -can /spells: -jun/ (soul): Xäliulla, Islametdin, Sabircan. Also popular were different variants of the name Mohammad: Dinmöxämmäd, Möxämmätsafa, Möxämmätcan. Female names often were chosen from Mohammad's wives' and daughters' names: Ğäyşä, Zäynäp, Fatíma. Other names mostly had complex suffixes -bibi, -bikä, -banu (lady, princess), -nisa (woman), -camal /spell jah-MUL/ (beauty): Bibiğäyşä, Ğäyşäbikä, Xabibcamal, Şamsinisa.
The main tendency was to name a child with a name that no other has in neighborhood. One family also tended to name with consonance with other members of this family. Usually relatives had same endings of their names.Äxmät (Әхмәт; Ахмет, Ахмед) – Tatar variant of Ahmad; both names are no longer popular among Tatars, but neighboring peoples sometimes refer them as "typically Tatar names".
Ämir (Әмир; Амир) – Emir, Arab
Färit (Фәрит; Фарид) – Farid, Arab
Ğabdulla (Габдулла, Абдулла) – Tatar variant of Abdullah
Ğädel (Гадел; Адель) – Arabian 'Adl, sometimes could be confused with Adelia of European origin, nevertheless this name is fermal
Ğäskär (Гаскәр; Аскар) – Arab
Ğizzätulla (Гыйззәтулла; Гиззатулла) – Tatar variation of the arabic first name Izzatulah, which is translated as 'Majesty', 'Honor' and 'Might' of Allah.
İlyas (Ильяс) – Jewish Elijah
İskändär (Искәндәр; Искандер) – rendering of Alexander the Great
Kamil (Камил; Камиль) – Kamil, Arab
Kärim (Кәрим; Карим) – Karim, Arab
Nail (Наил; Наиль) - Arab
Rail (Раил; Раиль), Arab
Ramil (Рамил; Рамиль), Arab
Räşit (Рәшит; Рашид), Arab
Rawil (Равил; Равиль), Arab
Rişat (Ришат), probably Arabic rendering of Richard the Lionheart
Röstäm or Rustam (Рөстәм; Рустам, Рустем), Persian (epic) hero; strong or powerful man
Ruşan (Рушан), Persian
Şamil (Шамил; Шамиль), Arab
Tahir (Таһир; Тагир), Arab
Zöfär (Зөфәр; Зуфар), Arab
Älfiä (Әлфия; Альфия), Arab
Asiä (Асия), Arab
Dinara (Динара), Arab
Färidä (Фәридә; Фарида), Arab
Ğäliä, Äliä (Галия, Алия), Arab
Gölnara (Гөлнара; Гульнара, Гюльнара, Гёльнара), Persian
Gölnaz (Гөлназ; Гульназ), Persian
Märyäm (Мәрьям; Марьям), Jewish Maria
Miläwşä (Миләүшә; Миляуша), Persian for violet
Nailya (Наиля), Arab
Zöhrä (Зөһрә; Зухра), Arab
After 1917, during de-islamization of Tatars many names, which were uncommon for Tatar culture, became popular. A major part of them were names of famous persons, so the name Albert became popular after Albert Einstein. Sometimes names or surnames of revolutionaries were chosen as given name, such as Ernest after Ernst Thälmann or Fidel after Fidel Castro Ruz. Some of them, such as Erot, Adolf, Klara and Roald, are no longer popular, others were adopted and non-Tatar populations refer to those names as Tatar names.
Urban legend says that European names were loaded from a group of Genoese merchants, which merged with Tatars in the Middle Ages.
After October Revolution lots of Russian revolutionary names appeared with the renovation of traditions. Originating from Russian abbreviations, they corresponded well to Tatar phonetics and became popular. Interestingly some of these names also coincided with already existing ones.
Those names are often given for children that were born in Tatar-Russian mixed marriage.Albert (Альберт)
Edward, Eduard (Эдвард, Эдуард)
Ferdinand/Ferdinant (Фердинанд, Фердинант)
Marsel (Марсель), became popular after Marcel Cachin
Rafael/Rafail (Рафаэль; Рафаил)
Damir (Дамир; Да здравствует мировая революция! – Long life world revolution!)
Engel (Энгель) after Friedrich Engels.
Lenar, Linar (Ленар – Ленинская Армия – Lenin's Army)
Marat (Марат) after Jean-Paul Marat, also could be confused with Morat, Tatar analogy of Murad.
Radiq (Радик(ъ); Радик) - sometimes could be written as Radiy, which corresponds to Russian for radium
Rinat, Renat (Ренат, Ринат – Революция, народ, труд. –Revolution. People. Labor), it coincided with Latin name.
Vilen (Вилен) (after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin)
Adelina (Adelä; Аделина, Аделя)
Alinä (Алинә; Алина)
Alisä (Алисә; Алиса)
Dana (Дана), also has Persian origin
Rezidä, Rezeda (Резидә, Резеда)
Roza (Роза), popular after Rosa Luxemburg
Yana (Яна) (originates from Jean)
Yuliä (Юлия) – Russian variant of Julia.
Leniza (Лениза Ленинские заветы – Lenin's testaments), coincided with Arab name
Renata (Рената: see Rinat)
Some names were popular among the majority of non-Slavic population of USSR. Some of them were inspired by Russian culture, but they are not Russian traditional names. Sometimes this names were given for child, that born in intermarriage with another non-Russian nationality.Çıñğız (Чингиз) after Genghis Khan
Elbrus (Эльбрус) after mountain of Caucasus
Kazbek (Казбек) after mountain of Caucasus
Ruslan (Руслан), after Pushkin's personage of Ruslan and Lyudmila. Nevertheless, Ruslan may be a Russian rendering of Turkic name Arslan, although this has not been substantiated
Timur (Тимур) after Tamerlane and Arkady Gaidar's personage Timur.
Aida (Аида; after Verdi's opera)
Indira (Индира; after Indira Gandhi)
Lälä (Ляля) – Persian Lale – tulip
Zemfira (Земфира) is said to be a Romani name.