Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Syrian elephant

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Proboscidea
Genus  Elephas
Higher classification  Asian elephant
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Elephantidae
Scientific name  Elephas maximus asurus
Rank  Subspecies
Syrian elephant httpsi0wpcomatozanimalsnetwpcontentuploa
Similar  Asian elephant, Elephas, Mammal, Elephants, North African elephant

The Syrian elephant or Western Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus asurus) is a proposed name for the westernmost population of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), which became extinct in ancient times. Skeletal remains of E. m. asurus have been recorded from the Middle East (Turkey, Iraq and Syria) from periods dating between 3 million years BC and 100 years BC.

Contents

Syrian elephant Syrian Elephant Dinosaur Home

Ancient Syrian craftsmen used the tusks of E. m. asurus to make ivory carvings. In Syria, the production of ivory items was at its maximum during the first millennium BC, when the Arameans made splendid ivory inlay for furniture. This overhunting of Syrian elephants for ivory ultimately resulted in their extinction by around 100 BC.

Syrian elephant Syrian elephant vs African bush elephant

Description

Syrian elephant In Rome 2would the carthage war elephant biger than Seleucid

Syrian elephants were among the largest Asian elephant subspecies to have survived into historic times, measuring 3.5 metres (11 ft 6 in) or more at the shoulder. Skeletal remains show it did not differ much from the Indian subspecies, except in size.

Distribution and habitat

Syrian elephant Syrian Elephant Syrian elephant E m asurus became extinct

In Western Asia, the elephants ranged from the mangrove forests of southern Iran, to southern Anatolia, the Syrian steppes and even extended to Palestine.

Controversy

Syrian elephant Mystery Of Elephants In Ancient Syrian Battle Solved At Last The

"Syrian" elephants are frequently mentioned in Hellenistic history; the Seleucid kings, who maintained numerous war elephants, reigned in Syria during that period. These elephants are believed to be Indian elephants (E. m. indicus), which had been acquired by the Seleucid kings during their eastern expansions. It is attested by ancient sources such as Strabo and Polybius that Seleucid kings Seleucus I Nicator and Antiochus III the Great had large numbers of imported Indian elephants. Whether these "Indian elephants" were imported due to scarcity of native Syrian elephants or due to their accomplished training and domestication as war elephants remains unclear.

Syrian elephant Nabataean Elephants

Hannibal had a war elephant known as "Surus"; it has been suggested to mean "the Syrian". It was said by Cato to have been his best (and biggest) elephant. In that case, the elephant may have been of Seleucid stock. If it were in fact of native Syrian stock, or an imported Indian elephant, remains subject to speculation. (The usual Carthaginian war elephants, despite popular depictions, were the smaller North African elephants [Loxodonta africana pharaoensis], an African bush elephant population or subspecies also now extinct.)

References

Syrian elephant Wikipedia


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