Puneet Varma (Editor)


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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  †Protoceratidae
Scientific name  Syndyoceras cooki
Rank  Genus
Class  Mammalia
Species  †S. cooki
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Even-toed ungulate
Syndyoceras Syndyoceras Miocene Mammal Stock Photo BW7425 Science Source Images
Similar  Protoceratidae, Protoceras, Even‑toed ungulate, Synthetoceras, Kyptoceras

Syndyoceras is a small extinct genus of Artiodactyla, of the family Protoceratidae, endemic to central North America from the Miocene epoch (24.8—20.6 Ma), existing for approximately 4.2 million years.


Syndyoceras DinoCastscom Syndyoceras cooki Mammalia Protoceratidae Early


Syndyoceras Syndyoceras cooki Wikipedia

Syndyoceras was named by Barbour (1905). Its type is Syndyoceras cooki. It was assigned to Protoceratidae by Barbour (1905) and Carroll (1988); and to Kyptoceratini by Webb (1981), Prothero (1998), Webb et al. (2003) and Prothero and Ludtke (2007).


Syndyoceras httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The skull decoration of Syndyoceras looked quite unlike those of a deer. It had two pairs of horns. The first was a V-shaped pair on the snout, fused at the base. The second pair was placed between the eyes and the ears and was curved inwards, the horns facing towards each other in a semicircular shape. Like giraffe ossicones, these protrusions were covered with skin. They were probably used for display and fighting.

Syndyoceras FileSyndyoceras modeljpg Wikimedia Commons

In addition to the horns, Syndyoceras also possessed tusk-like canine teeth, that it may have used to root through soil and undergrowth for food, in a similar manner to a modern musk deer. The shape of the skull also suggests that it may have had an inflated muzzle, like that of a modern saiga.

Syndyoceras In The Works Paleocraft WorkShop

The 5.2-foot-long (1.6 m), creature closely resembled a deer, having two hooved toes and reaching a weight over 60 kg. Like early horses, such as Merychippus, it had two vestigal outer toes on each foot, which did not touch the ground.


Syndyoceras Wikipedia