Director George Sherman
Producer Robert Buckner
Country United States
Genre Action, War, Drama
Cinematography Irving Glassberg
Writer Robert Buckner
|Release date August 24, 1949 (1949-08-24)|
Cast Dana Andrews (Mike Dillon), Märta Torén (Sabra), Stephen McNally (David Vogel), Jeff Chandler (Kurta)
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Sword in the desert premiere
Sword in the Desert is a 1949 American war film directed by George Sherman. It was the first American film to deal with the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine and marked the first significant feature film role for Jeff Chandler.
Freighter owner and captain Mike Dillon (Dana Andrews) reluctantly smuggles Jewish immigrants into Palestine, making it very clear to the Jewish leader, David Vogel (Stephen McNally), he is only doing it for the money. Dillon is annoyed to learn that he will have to go ashore to get paid the $8000 he is owed. When a British patrol boat arrives sooner than expected, Dillon is forced to join the Jews in their flight for freedom. There are casualties on both sides before the illegal refugees get away, including one of Dillon's men.
The screenplay was based on a short story by Robert Buckner, who came up with the idea after a visit to Palestine in 1934. Bucker later expanded this into a short story about Christmas in Palestine as experienced by a visiting American. In the 1940s he expanded this into a novel, then a screenplay, originally called Night Watch, then later Desert Legion.
Stephen McNally was originally supposed to play the American pilot, while Paul Christian was to play an Israeli leader. However Christian had to drop out due to an eye infection, McNally took over his role, and Dana Andrews played McNally's part. (Dick Powell had also been discussed for the role of the American.) Ann Blyth was intended to play the female lead. Bucker was originally announced as director but George Sherman took over that task. Blyth was reassigned by Universal to Come Be My Love and the female lead given instead to Märta Torén.
Jeff Chandler was cast in February 1949. The role was originally intended for an older actor but was reconfigured once Chandler was cast.
Production took place on Universal's backlot with location work at Monterey, California, the San Fernando Valley and Victorville in the Mojave Desert.
Even during filming there was an expectation that the film would be controversial because it showed Jewish settlers fighting the British and not Arabs. Universal barred reporters from the set during the last week of filming because several London papers had carried adverse articles on the project.
Controversy on British release
The Evening Standard claimed that the film was "not for the eyes of Britons" and the Daily Telegraph insisted that British audiences would be surprised to see the unwonted harshness with which the British troops in the film treated Jewish civilians. There were demonstrations and disturbances outside the New Gallery, London, when the film opened there on 2 February 1950, and pamphlets supporting the Union Movement were distributed to people wanting to see it. The New Gallery cinema near Piccadilly, which was screening the film, received a bomb threat. Oswald Mosley threatened to picket cinemas which showed the movie.
Five days later, the Public Control Committee of London Country Council followed the advice of the Home Office and prohibited further public showings of the film in order to prevent further scenes of rowdiness by what it termed fascist elements. It ignored the protest from the National Council for Civil Liberties that its action constituted a ban on free speech.
The film was screened in Australia after some cuts but was not shown in Tasmania because of its controversial content.
ReferencesSword in the Desert Wikipedia
Sword in the Desert IMDb Sword in the Desert themoviedb.org