Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Southern pig tailed macaque

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Primates
Genus  Macaca
Mass  Male: 5 – 15 kg (Adult)
Higher classification  Macaque
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Cercopithecidae
Scientific name  Macaca nemestrina
Gestation period  183 days
Rank  Species
Southern pig-tailed macaque httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Similar  Macaque, Primate, Crab‑eating macaque, Lion‑tailed macaque, Stump‑tailed macaque

Popular videos southern pig tailed macaque infant

The southern pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) is a medium-sized Old World monkey.


Southern pig tailed macaque

Etymology and taxonomy

Southern pig-tailed macaque Southern pigtailed macaque Wikipedia

The species epithet, nemestrina, is an adjective (derived from Latin Nemestrinus, the god of groves) modified to agree in gender with the feminine generic name.

It formerly included the northern pig-tailed, Pagai Island, and Siberut macaques as subspecies.


Southern pig-tailed macaque Sunda Pigtailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina

Macaca nemestrina can reach a weight of 5–15 kg in large males. These monkeys are buff-brown with a darker back and lighter lower parts of the body. Their common name refers to the short tail held semi-erect and reminiscent of the tail of a pig.

Behaviour and ecology

Southern pig-tailed macaque Southern Pigtailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina Wiki

They are mainly terrestrial but they also are skilled climbers. Unlike almost all primates they love water. They live in large groups split into smaller groups during the day when they are looking for food. They are omnivorous, feeding mainly on fruits, seeds, berries, cereals, fungi and invertebrates.

Southern pig-tailed macaque Primate Factsheets Pigtail macaque Macaca nemestrina Taxonomy

There is a hierarchy among males, based on the strength, and among females, based on heredity. Thus, the daughter of the dominant female will immediately be placed above all other females in the group. The dominant female leads the group, while the male role is more to manage conflict within the group and to defend it.

Southern pig-tailed macaque Southern Pigtailed Macaque in Desaru Malaysia My Nature Experiences

Sexual maturity is reached at the age of 3–5 years. Female gestation lasts about 6 months. She will give birth to one infant every two years. Weaning occurs at 4–5 months.

In Thailand, they have been trained for 400 years to harvest coconuts.

Habitat and distribution

This macaque is mostly found in rainforest up to 2000 meters, but will also enter plantations and gardens.

It is found in the southern half of the Malay Peninsula (only just extending into southernmost Thailand), Borneo, Sumatra and Bangka Island. There are reports of the species having been present in Singapore before 1950, but these were likely escaped pets. The only pig-tailed macaques in Singapore today are introduced monkeys.


Southern pig-tailed macaque Wikipedia