Nisha Rathode

Sitia

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Country  Greece
Area  633.2 km2

Sitia in the past, History of Sitia

Mayor  Theodoros Paterakis (since 2011)

Map of Sitia

Sitia (Greek: Σητεία) is a port town and a municipality in Lasithi, Crete, Greece. The town has 9,912 inhabitants (2011); the municipality has 18,318 (2011). It lies east of Agios Nikolaos and northeast of Ierapetra. Sitia port is on the Sea of Crete, part of the Aegean Sea and is one of the economic centers of the Lasithi region. European route E75, which ends in Vardø, starts in Sitia. Sitia is served by the Sitia Public Airport. Sitia has not experienced the effects of mass tourism even though there is a long beach along the road leading to Vai and several places of historical interest.

Contents

Sitia in the past, History of Sitia

Sitia nature park


Sitia airport full fpv 3


Municipality

Sitia saillaviecomimagesareasSitiaCreteSailingG

The municipality Sitia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:

  • Itanos
  • Lefki, Lasithi
  • Sitia
  • The municipality has an area of 627 km2 (242 sq mi), the municipal unit 277 km2 (107 sq mi).

    Province

    The province of Siteia (Greek: Επαρχία Σητείας) was one of the provinces of Lasithi. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Siteia and the municipal unit Makry Gialos. It was abolished in 2006.

    Environmentally protected areas

    The are a number of sites in the municipality of Sitia that are protected as National Parks, Aesthetic Forests, Wildlife Refuges etc. under national and international laws. Notable examples are:

  • Dionysades Islands which carry many rare and endangered plant species and also serve as a refuge of several animal species (mostly birds and small reptiles), including the falcon, Falco eleonorae, which finds sanctuary here.
  • Vai Palm Forest.
  • Richtis Gorge and waterfall.
  • History

    The earliest settlement of the town dates back to before Minoan times; excavations in the neighbouring site of Petras have unearthed architectural remains that date back to the end of the Neolithic period 3000 BC and continue throughout the Bronze Age 3000-1050 BC. In addition, there are several Minoan settlements unearthed in the various archaeological sites in the municipality, such as in Itanos and in Mochlos.

    According to Diogenes Laertius, Sitia was the home of Myson of Chen, one of the Seven Sages of Greece.

    Etymology

    The name Σητεία may come from the ancient Ητεία, written as Itia or Etea in English.

    Venetian Era

    The town was later expanded and fortified by the Venetians who used it as a base of operations for the Eastern Mediterranean. During the Venetian occupation, the town was destroyed three times: by an earthquake in 1508, by a pirate attack in 1538 and finally by the Venetians themselves in 1651. Sitia was then conquered by the Ottoman Empire.

    Modern Era

    After the Venetians moved out of Crete, the town was abandoned for two centuries until it was resettled by farmers in 1869. The main remnant of the Venetian occupation is the Kazarma (from Italian casa di arma), the old fortress overlooking the harbour.

    Infrastructure

    The municipality of Sitia is served by Sitia Public Airport with several domestic destinations, the first landing was on June 7, 1984 and the airport opened officially on June 9, 1984. Construction of new building facilities that included a control tower was completed in May 1993. Runway and apron extension works were finished in May 2003. Recently (2011), the local authorities have completed negotiations with international travel agents for organizing regular charter flights starting from May 2012. Currently (2011), local officials are under negotiations with the low-cost airline Ryanair

    In addition, Sitia is served by a port which connects Sitia and eastern Crete with several other Greek islands as well as with the port of Piraeus. The town also has a marina which accommodates smaller fishing boats and yachts.

    Health services

    The General Hospital of Sitia was founded in 1947 as a local health center and was later (1994) relocated to a new 7500sqm (110-bed capacity) building and accordingly upgraded to serve as the main hospital for the municipality of Sitia and the surrounding area.

    Attractions

  • Vai forest and beach, the largest natural palm forest in Europe.
  • Moni Toplou, founded in the mid 15th century, is one of the most significant monasteries in Crete.
  • Kazarma fortress, in the town of Sitia.
  • Richtis Gorge and Waterfall at Exo Mouliana village (Map). Pictures1, Pictures2.
  • Gorge of the Dead (at Kato Zakros).
  • Various archeological sites with Minoan civilization settlements from the Bronze Age, such as in Itanos and Mochlos.
  • Notable people

  • Myson - philosopher (one of the 7 legendary wise men of ancient Greece)
  • Vitsentzos Kornaros - poet (composer of Erotokritos)
  • Stratis Kalogeridis - musician of local folk music
  • Giannis Dermitzakis - musician of local folk music
  • Katerina Papoutsaki - actress
  • Giannis Savvidakis - singer
  • Giorgos Mazonakis - singer
  • Eleni Kastani - actress
  • Jenny Hiloudaki - model
  • Seraina Kazamia - model
  • References

    Sitia Wikipedia


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