According to the 2011 census Fatehgarh Sahib district has a As of 2013 India census, Sirhind-Fatehgarh had a population of 60852. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Sirhind-Fatehgarh has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 76%. In Sirhind-Fatehgarh, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
According to popular notion, the present name of the city, Sirhind, comes from 'Sar-i hind', meaning the Frontier of Hind, as Mughal invaders saw it as the 'gateway to Hindustan'. However, a 5th-century AD tribe 'Sairindhas Aryans, which inhabited this area, might have also led to its present name.
Varahamihira (505 – 587) in his Sanskrit treatise, Brihat Samhita, mentions the city as 'Satudar Desh', later it was inhabited by a tribe of 'Sairindhas Aryans, leading to its present name. According to Huan Tsang, the Chinese traveller who visited India during the seventh century, Sirhind was the capital of the district of Shitotulo, or Shatadru (the present day River Sutlej).
In 12th century, Sirhind came under the rule of the Hindu Chauhan Rajputs of Delhi. During the rule of Prithvi Raj Chauhan (1168–1192), the Hindu Rajput ruler of Delhi, it became his military outpost.
It further rose in glory during the Mughal Empire, when it became its provincial capital, controlling the Lahore-Delhi Highway, the Grand Trunk Road. During the Mughal era, Sirhind was the name for Malwa, since it was the area's capital city. Sirhind was the headquarters of the Mughal administration in Eastern Punjab. Many European travellers describe its splendours, and it also developed into a center of cultural activity.
Sirhind was known for the dozens of saints, scholars, poets, historians, calligraphers and scribes who lived there. This city is mostly famous to muslims for Great saint Imām-e-Rabbānī Shaykh Ahmad al-Farūqī al-Sirhindī(R.)(1564–1624).He was an Indian Islamic scholar of Arab origin, a Hanafi jurist, and a prominent member of the Naqshbandī Sufi order. A large number of buildings survive from this period, including the fort named 'Aam Khas Bagh'; it is said that in its heyday, the city had 360 mosques, gardens, tombs, caravansarais and wells.
Younger sons of tenth sikh guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji namely Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba fateh singh ji were bricked alive at the age of 9 and 7 years rescpectively by then governor wazir khan. Gurudwara Sri Fatehgarh Sahib is established at that place to commemorate them. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and his Sikh army in 1710 destroyed the city of Sirhind completely and killed Wazir Khan the governor. The Sikhs occupied Sirhind and made Bhai Baj Singh the governor.
One can visit Sirhind-Fatehgarh Sahib through various means of transport. Those are as follows -
'The nearest International Airport from Fatehgarh Sahib is Chandigarh International Airport, roughly one hour drive from the district headquarters. It is well connected to the major cities like Amritsar, New Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Goa, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and Leh via Air Mantra, Air India, Jagson Airlines, Jet Airways and Kingfisher Airlines.
The major Railway Stations in this District are located at Fatehgarh Sahib City and Sirhind town. The Railway Station at Fatehgarh Sahib is located on Sirhind-Nangal Railway Line which is served by Northern Railways. The Sirhind Junction Railway Station is located on Delhi-Amritsar Section of Northern Railways. Many Regular as well as Super Fast Trains halt here.
Fatehgarh Sahib is 43 km from Chandigarh, 53 km from Ambala, 62 km from Ludhiana, 148 km from Saharanpur, 161 km from Shimla, 204 km from Dehradun, 213 km from Haridwar, 271 km from New Delhi and is connected through Punjab State Road Transport Corporation (PSRTC) and some private travel services.
Guru Granth Sahib World Sikh University,Fatehgarh Sahib
Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Engineering College,Fatehgarh Sahib
Mata Gujri College,Fatehgarh Sahib.
Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Polytechnic College,Fatehgarh Sahib
M G Ashoka Girls College,Sirhind
Lincoln College of Law, Sirhind
Jesus Saviour School,Sirhind
Saffron College for Girls,Kotla Bajwara
BZSFS.SEN.SEC PUBLIC SCHOOL,Fatehgarh Sahib
Saffron City School,Kotla Bajwara,Fatehgarh Sahib
Dyanand High School,Sirhind
Divine Light International School,Sirhind
Mata Sundri Public School,Fatehgarh Sahib
Sirhind Public School,Sirhind
Ashoka Sen. Sec. School,Sirhind
Baba Dyalpuri Sen.sec.school,Sirhind
Rana Munshi Ram Sarvhitkari school, Sirhind
Government girls senior secondary school, Sirhind Mandi
Lakshya Computer Education, Sirhind Mandi * IBS institute ,OPP DC Office ,Ground Floor.F.G.S.
Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib
Gurdwara Jyoti Sarup
Gurdwara Shahid Ganj
Gurdwara patshahi Chevin
Tomb of Ustad and Shagird
Tomb of Mir-I-Miran, Sirhind
Aam Khas Bagh,Sirhind
Mata Shri Chakreshwari Devi Jain Temple Village Attewali (Sirhind)
Gurdwara moti ram mehra ji
Jahaji Haveli, Haveli of Diwan Todar Mal
Tempal of Baba Dayal Puri