Tomoaki Nakao (since 2009)
| 280,947 (2010)|
Shimonoseki (下関市, Shimonoseki-shi) is a city located in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. It is at the southwestern tip of Honshu, facing the Tsushima Strait and also Kitakyushu across the Kanmon Straits.
Nicknamed the "Fugu Capital," it is known for the locally caught pufferfish and is the largest harvester of the pufferfish in Japan.
As of October 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 265,684 and a population density of 370 persons per km². The total area is 716.14 km².
The Heike and Genji fought at Dan-no-ura near the present Kanmonkyo Bridge.
The city prior to 1902 was commonly known as Bakan (馬關) and formally Akamagaseki (赤間關).
On February 13, 2005, Shimonoseki absorbed the towns of Hōhoku, Kikugawa, Toyota and Toyoura (all from Toyoura District) to create the new and expanded city of Shimonseki. Since October 1, 2005, the city has been designated as a core city by the Japanese Government.
The geographical position of Shimonoseki has given it historical importance, especially with the Bombardment of Shimonoseki in 1864 and the Treaty of Shimonoseki, where a defeated China handed over Taiwan, Penghu, and Port Arthur to the victorious Japanese in 1895.
An Imperial decree in July 1899 established Shimonoseki as an open port for trading with the United States and the United Kingdom.
On January 7, 2006, the wooden station building at Shimonoseki station, which had dated back to 1942, was destroyed in a fire, the cause of which is suspected to be arson.
Shimonoseki has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heavier in summer.Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Shimonoseki Shipyard and Machinery Works
Yamaguchi Financial Group, Inc.
The Yamaguchi Bank, Ltd.
YM Securities Co.,Ltd.
Hayashikane Sangyo Co., Ltd.
Chofu Seisakusho Co., Ltd.
Harakosan Co., Ltd.
Minato-Yamaguchi Co., Ltd.
The Kanpu ferry to Pusan in South Korea regularly.
The Gwangyang Beech to Gwangyang in South Korea regularly.
The Orient ferry to Shanghai in China regularly.
The Orient ferry to Qingdao in China was suspended in November 2015.
The main Shinkansen station
The main JR West stations
Sanyō Main Line
Hatabu Station - Hatabu Station is a railway station on the Sanyō Main Line and the San'in Main Line.
Shin-Shimonoseki Station - Shin-Shimonoseki Station is a railway station on the Sanyō Shinkansen Line and the Sanyō Main Line.
San'in Main Line
Regular bus services are provided by Sanden Kohtsu, as well as by group companies of Sanden Kohtsu.Bus companies (A loop-line bus in the city.)
Sanden Kohtsu Co.,Ltd.
Blue Line Kohtsu Co.,Ltd.
Intercity bus services (arrival and departure in Shimonoseki city) go to the following destinations: Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Hiroshima, Fukuoka, Fukuoka Airport, etc.
National Route 2
National Route 9
National Route 191
National Route 435
National Route 491
Shimonoseki is served by four airports outside the city.Kitakyūshū Airport
Yamaguchi Ube Airport (only for domestic flights)
National Fisheries University (水産大学校, Suisan daigakkō) (Yoshimi)
Shimonoseki City University (Daigaku-cho)
University of East Asia (Shin-Shimonoseki Station)
Baiko Gakuin University (Higashieki)
Shimonoseki Junior College (Sakurayama-cho)
The city has a North Korean school, Yamaguchi Korean Elementary and Junior High School (山口朝鮮初中級学校). It formerly housed two other North Korean schools, Yamaguchi Korean High School and Shimonoseki Korean Elementary and Junior High School (下関朝鮮初中級学校).
As a city of a quarter million people, it has some public schools too.Fugu (blowfish)
uni Sea urchin
Ganryu Yaki (Dorayaki)
Fuku Chochin (lanterns)
Shimonoseki is home to many festivals that are held throughout the year. Of these, the most famous are Shimonoseki Kaikyo Festival and Shimonoseki Bakan Festival.Shimonoseki Fugu (Blowfish) Festival (February) : Haedomari Market
Kawatana Onsen(hot spring) Festival (April)
Shimonoseki Kaikyo Festival (May) : Karato, Ganryujima Island
Suhouteisai Festival (August) : Castle town Chofu
Kanmon Kaikyo Fireworks Festival (August) : Karato(Aruka Port area)
Shimonoseki Bakan Festival (August) : Along the street from Karato-cho to Shimonoseki Station
TOUR de Shimonoseki (October/November)
Shimonoseki Kaikyo Marathon (November)
Shimonoseki Fish Festival (November) : Shimonoseki Fishing Port
Little Busan Fest (November) : Green Mall
Kōzan-ji - The butsuden completed in 1320 is a National Treasure of Japan.
Kaikyō Yume Tower
Shimonoseki City Art Museum
Shimonoseki Chofu Museum
Shimonoseki City Archaeological Museum
Shimonoseki Marine Science Museum (Shimonoseki City Aquarium) (Kaikyo Kan)
Doigahama Site Anthropological Museum
The firefly museum of toyota town
The Yamagin Archive (やまぎん史料館) of the Yamaguchi Bank
FC Baleine Shimonoseki (Football)
Shimonoseki Baseball Stadium
Shimonoseki Boat Race Stadium (Shimonoseki Kyōtei)
Shimonoseki City Gymnasium
Shimonoseki Track and field stadium
Shimonoseki city swimming pool
Nogihama General Park (Football stadium)
The Goda-ikka yakuza syndicate is headquartered in Shimonoseki. A designated yakuza group, the Goda-ikka is the largest yakuza syndicate in Yamaguchi Prefecture.
Shimonoseki has one Japanese and six international sister cities: Santos (São Paulo), Brazil, since 1971
Istanbul, Turkey, since 1972
Busan, South Korea, since 1976
Qingdao, China, since 1979
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, since 1995
Pittsburg, California, U.S., since 1998
Kikugawa, Shizuoka, Japan
Shinzo Abe (90th Prime Minister of Japan)
Duncan Gordon Boyes
Richard Henry Brunton
Atsushi Tamura (Comedian, actor and singer)