Mamedyarov is a two-time World Junior Champion (the only male player to have won it more than once), 2013 World Rapid Chess Champion, gold-medalist at the 2012 Chess Olympiad on the third board and European Team Championships in 2009 and 2013. He is also a two time winner of Tal Memorial (2010 and 2014) and Shamkir Chess tournament (2016 and 2017). Mamedyarov played in the FIDE Candidates Tournament twice, in 2011 and 2014.
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov was born on April 12, 1985 in Sumgait, Azerbaijan.
In 2003 he won the World Junior Chess Championship. He repeated his victory in 2005 (thus becoming the only male two-time champion), achieving a 2953 performance rating after eight rounds. This gained him an invitation to the Essent Tournament 2006 in Hoogeveen, and by winning this one and the 2007 edition, Mamedyarov achieved world fame.
In 2005 Mamedyarov competed at the European Club Cup and had the second highest performance rating (2913) among all of the participants (Vassily Ivanchuk had the highest).
Mamedyarov attained joint first place at the Aeroflot Open in Moscow in February 2006, with a score of 6½/9. In October 2006, he won the closed Essent Chess Tournament in Hoogeveen with 4½/6, beating Judit Polgár on Sonneborn-Berger.
At the Chess World Cup 2007 Mamedyarov reached the third round where he was knocked out by Ivan Cheparinov.
In 2010, he tied for first place with Vladimir Kramnik and Gata Kamsky at the President's Cup in Baku, followed by joint first in the Tal Memorial.
In May 2011, Mamedyarov was the tournament organisers' nominee, qualifying him for the Candidates tournament for the World Chess Championship 2012, where he lost to Boris Gelfand in the quarterfinal.
In June 2013, Mamedyarov won the World Rapid Chess Championship, scoring 11½/15.
In November 2014, he won the Tal Memorial for the second time.
In June 2016, Mamedyarov won the 3rd Shamkir Chess Tournament, the Vugar Gashimov Memorial. He defeated both top seeds Fabiano Caruana and Anish Giri in the last two rounds, which put him in a tiebreak situation with Caruana. He defeated Caruana in the tiebreak, thus giving him tournament victory.
In April 2017, Mamedyarov won the Vugar Gashimov Memorial for the second year in a row with a score of 5.5/9.
On 15 May 2017 Mamedyarov reached a live FIDE rating of 2801.1, the highest in Azerbaijan chess history.
Mamedyarov has an aggressive style of play. He is known for experimenting with unusual openings, such as the Alekhine Defence and the Budapest Gambit.
He played for Azerbaijan at the Chess Olympiads of 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014. In 2009 and 2013, he won the team gold medal for Azerbaijan at the European Team Chess Championship, having won the bronze medal in 2007 and silver in 2011.
Mamedyarov caused controversy during the Aeroflot Open tournament that took place in Moscow between 17 and 26 February 2009. After losing to lower rated Igor Kurnosov in 21 moves, he voiced suspicions of cheating behaviour on the part of his Russian opponent, citing Kurnosov's wanderings outside the playing hall after each move, the refusal to agree to a draw on move 14, and the unusually strong moves played by a 2600+ GM. The arbiters were unable to discover any evidence implicating Kurnosov and Mamedyarov withdrew from the tournament in protest.
At the 2012 European Individual Championship in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, he was involved in two controversial incidents. In round 8, he was forfeited against the Georgian IM Shota Azaladze for arriving less than 2 minutes late (10 seconds late, according to Mamedyarov). In the next round, he agreed a draw on move 19 against the Spanish IM Alvar Alonso Rossell. The tournament rules forbade draws by agreement before move 40, so the arbiters ruled the game a double loss by forfeit. Another Azeri GM, Eltaj Safarli, and his opponent, Tal Baron, were also double defaulted for an early draw. Both Azeri GMs withdrew from the tournament in protest.
His personal trainer is his father, who is a former boxer. Mamedyarov has two sisters, Zeinab Mamedyarova and Turkan Mamedyarova, who are Woman Grandmasters. In 2012 he got married.2017 Gashimov Memorial (4th annual Shamkir Chess tournament)
2017 Sharjah FIDE Grand Prix, joint 1st
2016 Gashimov Memorial (3rd annual Shamkir Chess tournament)
2014 Tal Memorial, 1st
2013 Beijing FIDE Grand Prix 2012–2013, 1st
2013 Geneva Chess Masters, Rapid (knock-out format), 1st
2013 World Rapid Chess Championship Khanty-Mansiysk, 1st
2012 Chess Olympiad Turkey, 1st
2010 Tal Memorial, joint 1st
2010 The President's Cup, joint 1st
2009 Chess Classic, Mainz, 1st
2008 Rapid Tournament, Corsica, 1st
2007 Rapid Tournament, Czech Republic, 1st
2006 Hoogeveen Essent Tournament, 1st
2006 Ordix Open, joint 1st
2006 Aeroflot Open, Moscow, Russia, joint 1st
2006 Reykjavík Open, joint 1st
2006 The President's Cup, Baku, Azerbaijan 1st
2004 Dubai Open, Dubai, 1st
2003 Winner of Under-18 World Championship
2003 Winner of World Junior Championship, Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov vs Gata Kamsky, Mtel Masters 2007, Slav Defense: General (D10), 1-0
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov vs Vassily Ivanchuk, Tal Memorial 2007, Semi-Slav Defense: General (D43), 1-0
Shakhriyar Mamedyarov vs Magnus Carlsen, Baku Grand Prix 2008, Queen's Indian Defense: Fianchetto, Kramnik Variation (E17), 1-0
Vladimir Kramnik vs Shakhriyar Mamedyarov, Amber Tournament (Rapid) 2008, Budapest Defense: General (A52), 0-1