| University of Sfax|
Sfax (Arabic: صفاقس Ṣfāqes; Berber: Sifaks) is a city in Tunisia, located 270 km (170 mi) southeast of Tunis. The city, founded in AD 849 on the ruins of Taparura and Thaenae, is the capital of the Sfax Governorate (about 955,421 inhabitants in 2014), and a Mediterranean port. Sfax has a population of 330,440 (census 2014). The main economic activities of Sfax are industries (phosphate processing), agriculture (olive and olive oil, nuts), fishing (largest fishing port in Tunisia) and trade (import-export). The city is often described as Tunisia's "second city" (after the capital Tunis).
During the Roman Empire Sfax was a town called Taparura.
By the end of the 10th century, Sfax, had become an independent city-state. The city was conquered by Roger II of Sicily in 1148 and occupied until it was liberated in 1156 by local forces, and was briefly occupied by European forces again; this time by the Spanish, in the 16th century, before falling into Ottoman hands this time. Sfax became an integral base of the Barbary piracy, prompting an unsuccessful invasion by Venice in 1785.
When the Bey of Tunis signed the Bardo Treaty, in 1881, making Tunisia a protectorate, an insurrection broke out in Sfax. Six ironclads were dispatched from Toulon (Colbert, Friedland, Marengo, Trident, Revanche, Surveillante) to join the French Navy ships in Tunisian waters. In Sfax, three ironclads from the Division of the Levant were already present (Alma, Reine Blanche, La Galissonnière), together with four cannon boats. Sfax was bombarded, and on 16 July the city was taken by the French after hard fighting, with 7 dead and 32 wounded for the French.
During World War II, the Axis powers used the city as a major base until British forces took it on 10 April 1943. After World War II, Tunisia was returned to France, but gained independence in 1956.
The A1 motorway connects Sfax with Tunis. A narrow gauge railway system of SNCFT offers passenger services to Tunis and delivers phosphates and iron ore for export. Sfax is served by Sfax – Thyna International Airport and Syphax Airlines has regularly scheduled flights to Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport, Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, Tripoli International Airport, and charter flights to Jeddah Airport for the pilgrimage to Mecca.
Founded in 1961, Radio Sfax broadcasts twenty hours a day on MW 720 kHz/105.21 MHz.
Sfax has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh). Owing to its sheltered location relative to Mediterranean Sea winter storms, Sfax receives half the rainfall of Tunis and less even than the major cities of Libya (Tripoli and Benghazi). Summers, like all of North Africa, are hot and almost rainless, whilst winters are very pleasant with only light rain usual.
The University of Sfax includes:ENIS (École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Sfax) issued a number of well-known scientists and industrialists.
ESCS (École Supérieure de Commerce de Sfax) issued a number of managers, Economy and Management researchers and young entrepreneurs.
FLSHS (Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines de Sfax) issued a number of renowned poets and prose writers.
Sfax Faculty of Medicine (Faculté de Médecine de Sfax).
ISAAS (Institut Supérieur d'Administration des Affaires de Sfax)
FSEGS (Faculté des Sciences Économiques et de Gestion de Sfax).
ISIMS (Institut Supérieur d'Informatique et de Multimédia de Sfax).
FDS(Faculté de Droit de Sfax)(http://www.fdsf.rnu.tn/)
ISAMS (Institut Supérieur des Arts et Métiers de Sfax)
CS Sfaxien, a club of football (soccer), volleyball, basketball and rugby.
Max Azria, fashion designer
Mamdouh Bahri, artist, composer and jazz guitarist and teacher now living in France
Hédi Bouraoui, poet and writer now living in Canada
Nouri Bouzid, film director
Hamdi Braa, basketball player
Mohamed Charfi, academic, politician, jurist and scholar, a committed Francophile and supporter of "reasoned" secularism, he headed the Tunisian League of Human Rights before being appointed to head the Department of Education.
Moncef Dhouib, director and screenwriter
Tom Dixon, industrial designer
Mohamed Gouaida, footballer
Farhat Hached, trade union leader assassinated by the French government
Mohamed Jamoussi, artist, poet, composer and famous singer
Claude Kayat, Franco-Swedish writer and dramatist, winner of the 1997 Prix Ève Delacroix
Mounir Laroussi, scientist, inventor
Christian Lauba, composer
Mansour Moalla, former Minister of Economy, economist and banker
Georges Perec, writer
Hatem Trabelsi, former football player for Ajax Amsterdam, Manchester City and the Tunisian national team
Sfax is twinned with: Grenoble, France