Neha Patil (Editor)

Sapsucker

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Piciformes
Subfamily  Picinae
Scientific name  Sphyrapicus
Rank  Genus
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Picidae
Tribe  Dendropicini
Higher classification  Picinae
Sapsucker Yellowbellied sapsucker Wikipedia
Lower classifications  Yellow‑bellied sapsucker, Red‑breasted sapsucker, Red‑naped sapsucker, Williamson's sapsucker

Yellow bellied sapsuckers


The sapsuckers are four species of North American woodpeckers in the genus Sphyrapicus.

Contents

Yellow bellied sapsucker


Taxonomy and systematics

There are four currently recognized species in the genus:

  • Red-naped sapsucker (S. nuchalis)
  • Red-breasted sapsucker (S. ruber)
  • Williamson's sapsucker (S. thyroideus)
  • Yellow-bellied sapsucker (S. varius)
  • The genus name Sphyrapicus is a combination of the Greek words sphura, meaning "hammer" and pikos, meaning "woodpecker".

    Description

    Sapsucker Rednaped Sapsucker Audubon Field Guide

    The members of this genus are slender birds with stiff tails and relatively long wings. Their typical pattern in flight is undulating, alternating between quick bursts of wing beats and short dips with wings tucked against the body.

    Behavior

    Sapsucker Yellowbellied Sapsucker Audubon Field Guide

    As their name implies, sapsuckers feed primarily on the sap of trees, moving among different tree and shrub species on a seasonal basis. Insects, especially those attracted to the sweet sap exuding from sap holes, are often captured and fed to the young during the breeding season. The most easily recognized sap holes are found in birch trees during the breeding season.

    Sapsucker httpswwwallaboutbirdsorgguidePHOTOLARGEye

    Because sapsuckers attack living trees, they are often considered a pest species. Intensive feeding by sapsuckers is a cause of severe tree damage and mortality, with certain tree species more adversely affected by feeding than others. A USDA Forest Service study found that 67 percent of gray birch (Betula populifolia) trees damaged by yellow-bellied sapsuckers later died of their injuries. This compares to a mortality of 51 percent for paper birch (Betula papyrifera), 40 percent for red maple (Acer rubrum), 3 percent for red spruce (Picea rubens), and 1 percent for hemlock (Tsuga canadensis).

    Sapsucker Yellowbellied Sapsucker Audubon Field Guide
    Sapsucker Yellowbellied Sapsucker Identification All About Birds Cornell
    Sapsucker Yellowbellied Sapsucker Identification All About Birds Cornell

    References

    Sapsucker Wikipedia


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