Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Sand Spring Run

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Covid-19
Length  9 km
Country  United States of America

Main source  shallow valley on a mountain in Lewis Township, Union County, Pennsylvania 1,768 ft (539 m)
River mouth  White Deer Creek in West Buffalo Township, Union County, Pennsylvania near White Deer 1,033 ft (315 m)
Progression  White Deer Creek → West Branch Susquehanna River → Susquehanna River → Chesapeake Bay
Tributaries  Left: two unnamed tributaries Right: one unnamed tributary
Discharge  Average rate: 6.06 cu ft/s (0.172 m/s)

Sand Spring Run is a tributary of White Deer Creek in Union County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 5.7 miles (9.2 km) long and flows through Lewis Township and West Buffalo Township. The watershed of the stream has an area of 4.94 square miles (12.8 km2). The stream is not designated as an impaired waterbody. It is a mountainous freestone stream and is mostly in Bald Eagle State Forest.

Contents

Map of Sand Spring Run, Pennsylvania, USA

Course

Sand Spring Run begins in a shallow valley on a mountain in Lewis Township. It flows east for several tenths of a mile, passing through two ponds before turning south for several tenths of a mile as its valley deepens. The stream then turns west-southwest for a few tenths of a mile before turning south-southeast. After a few tenths of a mile, it crosses Interstate 80 and turns east-northeast for a few miles, flowing alongside Interstate 80 through a valley. It then receives an unnamed tributary from the left and enters West Buffalo Township. Here, the stream continues flowing east-northeast for a few miles, receiving an unnamed tributary from the right and one from the left. Its valley then broadens and it reaches its confluence with White Deer Creek.

Sand Spring Run joins White Deer Creek 12.48 miles (20.08 km) upstream of its mouth.

Hydrology

Sand Spring Run is not designated as an impaired waterbody. The average daily discharge of the stream was once found to be approximately 6.06 cubic feet per second (0.172 m3/s). Between water year 1969 and water year 1980, the average annual discharge of the stream ranged from 5.37 cubic feet per second (0.152 m3/s) in water year 1969 to 14.4 cubic feet per second (0.41 m3/s) in water year 1978.

There is a stream gauge on Sand Spring Run near White Deer.

Geography and geology

The elevation near the mouth of Sand Spring Run is 1,033 feet (315 m) above sea level. The elevation of the stream's source is 1,768 feet (539 m) above sea level.

Sand Spring Run is in the Ridge and Valley Freestone region. It is a mountainous freestone stream.

Watershed

The watershed of Sand Spring Run has an area of 4.94 square miles (12.8 km2). The mouth of the stream is in the United States Geological Survey quadrangle of Williamsport SE. However, its source is in the quadrangle of 1186931. The stream's mouth is located near White Deer.

The designated use for Sand Spring Run is aquatic life. A road known as State Route 1010 (White Deer Pike Road/Sugar Valley Narrows Road) flows alongside the stream, as does Interstate 80.

History and recreation

Sand Spring Run was entered into the Geographic Names Information System on August 2, 1979. Its identifier in the Geographic Names Information System is 1186931.

The Sugar Valley Railroad, which was incorporated on October 19, 1900, passed near Sand Spring Run. However, it was abandoned by 1904 or 1905.

Virtually all of Sand Spring Run is within Bald Eagle State Forest.

Biology

Wild trout naturally reproduce in Sand Spring Run in its lower 4.47 miles (7.19 km). Both brook trout and brown trout inhabit the stream.

References

Sand Spring Run Wikipedia


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