Directed by Chandru S. S. Vasan
Based on Samsaram (1950)
Produced by S. S. Vasan
|Starring M. K. Radha Pushpavalli Kumari Vanaja Sriram M. S. Sundari Bai T. R. Ramachandran D. Balasubramaniam R. Balasubramaniam Master Sethu Ratnapapa|
Samsaram (Wife) is a 1951 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by Chandru and produced by S. S. Vasan. A remake of the 1950, Telugu film of the same name it features M. K. Radha, Pushpavalli, Kumari Vanaja, Sriram, M. S. Sundari Bai, T. R. Ramachandran, D. Balasubramaniam, R. Balasubramaniam, Master Sethu and Ratnapapa. It was simultaneously filmed in Hindi as Sansaar, which Vasan directed.
A struggling clerk lives with his wife and two children. Their blissful life is threatened with the arrival of his scheming mother and sister. A short time later, the clerk disappears, abandoning his family, and his brother comes to their rescue. Exploiting the fragile situation, mischief makers suggest an immoral relationship between the clerk's brother and wife. Frustrated, the clerk's wife sends her two children to beg on the streets. Several years later, the elder of the two children, now working in a mill, meets a bearded beggar who, unknown to him, is actually his father. He obtains his father a job in the mill, and the family later reunites.
Compiled from Film News Anandan's database and Film Credits.
S. S. Vasan, the owner of Gemini Studios, screened the Telugu film Samsaram for his staff, family and friends. Impressed with the film, he bought the rights to remake it in two languages: Tamil and Hindi. The Tamil remake shared its title with the Telugu film, while the Hindi version was titled Sansar. Both versions were launched simultaneously; Chandru, the chief editor of Gemini, directed the Tamil version. Because South Indians actors of the era could not speak Hindi fluently, Vasan had the voices of the South Indian cast dubbed for Sansar, which he directed.
Emani Sankara Sastri was the music director, and his work was supervised by M. D. Parthasarathy. Kothamangalam Subbu wrote the lyrics. A. M. Rajah made his singing debut with this film, and his song "Samsaram... Samsaram…" became a breakthrough in his career.
Both Samsaram and Sansaar were released in 1951 and became commercially successful. According to film historian Randor Guy, the success of the former was attributed to its "emotionally strong and sentimental storyline", elements, and the performances of Radha, Pushpavalli, Sriram, Vanaja, Sundari Bai and Ramachandran. However, journalist Kalki Krishnamurthy gave the film a negative review in his magazine Kalki, where he criticised the song "Amma Pasikkuthey, Thaaye Pasikkuthey" by arguing that "no mother would ever stoop to that level".