Tripti Joshi (Editor)

Salvatore Quasimodo

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Occupation  Author

Name  Salvatore Quasimodo
Role  Author
Salvatore Quasimodo Salvatore Quasimodo Quotes QuotesGram

Born  20 August 1901 Modica, Sicily, Italy (1901-08-20)
Resting place  Cimitero Monumentale, Milan, Italy
Notable awards  Nobel Prize in Literature 1959
Died  June 14, 1968, Naples, Italy
Spouse  Maria Cumani Quasimodo (m. 1948–1960), Bice Donetti (m. 1926–1946)
Books  Ed e subito sera, Lirici Greci, Dare e avere
Children  Alessandro Quasimodo, Orietta Quasimodo
Similar People  Giuseppe Ungaretti, Eugenio Montale, Maria Cumani Quasimodo, Giosue Carducci, Paul Eluard

Literary movement  Hermeticism (poetry)

Salvatore Quasimodo


Salvatore Quasimodo ([salvaˈtoːre kwaˈziːmodo]; August 20, 1901 – June 14, 1968) was an Italian novelist and poet. In 1959 he won the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times". Along with Giuseppe Ungaretti and Eugenio Montale, he is one of the foremost Italian poets of the 20th century.

Contents

Salvatore Quasimodo Salvatore Quasimodo by Granger

Salvatore quasimodo intervista al poeta premio nobel


Biography

Salvatore Quasimodo httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Quasimodo was born in Modica, Sicily to Gaetano Quasimodo and Clotilde Ragusa. In 1908 his family moved to Messina, as his father had been sent there to help the population struck by a devastating earthquake. The impressions of the effects of natural forces would have a great impact on the young Quasimodo. In 1919 he graduated from the local Technical College. In Messina he also made friends with Giorgio La Pira, future mayor of Florence.

Salvatore Quasimodo Babel Web Anthology The page of Quasimodo Salvatore

In 1917 Quasimodo founded the short-lived Nuovo giornale letterario ("New Literary Journal"), in which he published his first poems. In 1919 he moved to Rome to finish his engineering studies, but poor economic conditions forced him to find a work as a technical draughtsman. In the meantime he collaborated with several reviews and studied Greek and Latin.

Salvatore Quasimodo Salvatore Quasimodo Italian poet Britannicacom

In 1929, invited by Elio Vittorini, who had married Quasimodo's sister, he moved to Florence. Here he met poets such as Alessandro Bonsanti and Eugenio Montale. In 1930 he took a job with Italy's Civil Engineering Corps in Reggio Calabria. Here he met the Misefari brothers, who encouraged him to continue writing. Developing his nearness to the hermetic movement, Quasimodo published his first collection, Acque e terre ("Waters and Earths") in that year.

In 1931 he was transferred to Imperia and then to Genoa, where he got acquainted with Camillo Sbarbaro and other personalities of the Circoli magazine, with which Quasimodo started a prolific collaboration. In 1932 he published with them a new collection, Oboe sommerso, including all his lyrics from 1930–1932.

In 1934 Quasimodo moved to Milan. Starting from 1938 he devoted himself entirely to writing, working with Cesare Zavattini and for Letteratura, official review of the Hermetic movement. In 1938 he published Poesie, followed by the translations of Lirici Greci ("Greek Poets") published by Corrente di Vita in 1939.

Though an outspoken anti-Fascist, during World War II Quasimodo did not take part in the Italian resistance against the German occupation. In that period he devoted himself to the translation of the Gospel of John, of some of Catullus's cantos, and several episodes of the Odyssey. In 1945 he became a member of the Italian Communist Party.

In 1946 he published another collection, Giorno dopo giorno ("Day After Day"), which made clear the increasing moral engagement and the epic tone of social criticism of the author. The same theme characterized his next works, La vita non è sogno ("Life Is Not a Dream"), Il falso e il vero verde ("The False and True Green") and La terra impareggiabile ("The Incomparable Land"). In all this period Quasimodo did not stop producing translations of classic authors and collaborating as a journalist for some of the most prestigious Italian publications (mostly with articles about the theatre).

In the 1950s Quasimodo won the following awards: Premio San Babila (1950), Premio Etna-Taormina (1953), Premio Viareggio (1958) and, finally, the Nobel Prize for Literature (1959). In 1960 and 1967 he received honoris causa degrees from the Universities of Messina and Oxford, respectively.

In his last years the poet made numerous voyages to Europe and America, giving public speeches and public lectures of his poems, which had been translated in several foreign languages.

In June 1968, when he was in Amalfi for a discourse, Quasimodo was struck by a cerebral hemorrhage. He died a few days later in the hospital in Naples. He was interred in the Cimitero Monumentale in Milan.

Poetic language

Traditional literary critique divides Quasimodo's work into two major periods: the hermetic period until World War II and the post-hermetic era until his death. Although these periods are distinct, they are to be seen as a single poetical quest. This quest or exploration for a unique language took him through various stages and various modalities of expression.

As an intelligent and clever poet, Quasimodo used a hermetical, "closed" language to sketch recurring motifs like Sicily, religion and death. Subsequently, the translation of authors from Roman and Greek Antiquity enabled him to extend his linguistic toolkit. The disgust and sense of absurdity of World War II also had its impact on the poet's language. This bitterness, however, faded in his late writings, and was replaced by the mature voice of an old poet reflecting upon his world.

References

Salvatore Quasimodo Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Eugenio Montale
Giuseppe Ungaretti
Maria Cumani Quasimodo
Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L