Tripti Joshi

Rueil Malmaison

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Country  France
Area  79,379
Mayor  Patrick Ollier
University  IFP School
Region  Ile-de-France

Rueil Malmaison in the past, History of Rueil Malmaison

Map of Rueil-Malmaison

Rueil-Malmaison ([ʁɥɛj malmɛzɔ̃]) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department of France. It is located 12.6 kilometres (8 miles) from the centre of Paris. It is one of the wealthiest suburbs of Paris.

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Name

Rueil-Malmaison was originally called simply Rueil. In medieval times the name Rueil was spelled either Roialum, Riogilum, Rotoialum, Ruolium, or Ruellium. This name is made of the Celtic word ialo (meaning "clearing, glade", "place of") suffixed to a radical meaning "brook, stream" (Latin rivus, Old French ), or maybe to a radical meaning "ford" (Celtic ritu).

In 1928, the name of the commune officially became Rueil-Malmaison in reference to its most famous tourist attraction, the Château de Malmaison, home of Napoléon's first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais.

The name Malmaison comes from Medieval Latin mala mansio, meaning "ill-fated domain", "estate of ill luck". In the Early Middle Ages Malmaison was the site of a royal residence which was destroyed by the Vikings in 846.

History

Rueil is famous for the Château de Malmaison where Napoleon and his first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais lived. Upon her death in 1814, she was buried at the nearby Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church, which stands at the centre of the city.

The Rueil barracks of the Swiss Guard were constructed in 1756 under Louis XV by the architect Axel Guillaumot, and have been classified Monument historique since 1973. The Guard was formed by Louis XIII in 1616 and massacred at the Tuileries on 10 August 1792 during the French Revolution.

During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Rueil was located on the front line.

At the end of the 19th century, Impressionist painters like Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Édouard Manet and Claude Monet came to paint the Seine River which crosses the town.

Rueil is (despite the title) the principal location of the novel Loin de Rueil by the French novelist Raymond Queneau.

The town is twinned with Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, in the United Kingdom.

Main sights

The Château de Malmaison, the residence of Napoléon's first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais, is located in Rueil-Malmaison. It is home to a Napoleonic museum.

Economy

The main campus of the French Institute of Petroleum research organisation is in Rueil. The city has also become home to many large companies moving out of La Défense business district, located only 5 km (3.1 mi) from Rueil, a trend first established by the move of Esso headquarters to Rueil.

There are about 850 service sector companies located in Rueil, 70 of which employ more than 100 people. A business district called Rueil-sur-Seine (previously known as "Rueil 2000") was created near the RER A Rueil-Malmaison station to accommodate these companies. The business district is equipped with a fiber-optic network.

Several major French companies have their world headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as Schneider Electric and VINCI. Schneider had its head office in Rueil-Malmaison since 2000; previously the building Schneider occupies housed the Schneider subsidiary Télémécanique.

Several large international companies have also located their French headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as ExxonMobil, AstraZeneca, American Express and Unilever.

Transport

Rueil-Malmaison is served by Rueil-Malmaison station on Paris RER line A.

Education

Public schools:

  • 15 preschools
  • 15 elementary schools
  • Six junior high schools: Les Bons-Raisins, Henri-Dunant, La Malmaison, Les Martinets, Marcel-Pagnol, Jules-Verne
  • Two senior high schools: Lycée Richelieu, Lycée polyvalent Gustave-Eiffel
  • Private schools:

  • Collège et lycée Passy-Buzenval
  • Collège et lycée Madeleine-Daniélou
  • Collège Notre-Dame
  • École maternelle et élémentaire Saint-Charles-Notre Dame
  • Ecole maternelle élémentaire Charles-Peguy
  • Ecole Montessori Bilingue de Rueil-Malmaison
  • There are tertiary educational institutions in the area.

    Notable residents

  • Jean-Marie Le Pen and his wife, Jany Le Pen, live in a two-story house on the rue Hortense.
  • Twin towns – sister cities

    Rueil-Malmaison is twinned with:

    ^1 Sister City

    References

    Rueil-Malmaison Wikipedia


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