Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Robinia hispida

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Scientific name  Robinia hispida
Rank  Species
Order  Fabales
Genus  Robinia
Higher classification  Robinia
Robinia hispida hispida var hispida
Similar  Robinia, Legumes, Robinia viscosa, Robinia neomexicana, Black locust

Robinia hispida, known as the bristly locust, rose-acacia, or moss locust, is a shrub in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. It is native to the southeastern United States, and it is present in other areas, including other regions of North America, as an introduced species. It is grown as an ornamental and can escape cultivation and grow in the wild.

Contents

Robinia hispida Robinia hispida bristly locust Go Botany

Description

Robinia hispida Robinia hispida var rosea Robinia elliottii Havliscz

This deciduous shrub grows to 3 meters tall, often with glandular, bristly (hispid) stems. The leaves are pinnate with up to 13 leaflets. The pink or purplish pealike flowers are borne in hanging racemes of up to 5. The fruit is a flat pod.

Ethnobotany

Robinia hispida Robinia Hispida 39Rosea39 from Burncoose Nurseries

The Cherokee had several uses for the plant. They used the root medicinally for toothache. They fed an infusion of the plant to cows as a tonic. The wood was useful for making fences, bows, and blowgun darts, and for building houses.

Subtaxa

There are at least 4 varieties:


  • R. hispida var. fertilis - Arnot bristly locust (North Carolina, Tennessee)
  • R. hispida var. hispida - Common bristly locust (Originally endemic to the Southern Appalachian Mountains but now escaped from cultivation throughout much of eastern North America)
  • R. hispida var. kelseyi - Kelsey's locust (North Carolina, sometimes considered to have arisen as a horticultural variety)
  • R. hispida var. rosea - Boynton's locust (North Carolina, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama)

  • Robinia hispida FileRobinia hispidajpg Wikimedia Commons

    References

    Robinia hispida Wikipedia


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