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Robert Daniel Murphy

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Robert Murphy



6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)

Rosemary Murphy

Roman Catholic

Robert Daniel Murphy httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons99

October 28, 1894 (
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

U.S. Department of State

Board member of
Corning Glass Morgan Guaranty Trust Co. Gillette Co. Japan Fund, Inc.

January 9, 1978, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States

Diplomat Among Warriors

Alison Marsh, Rebecca Marsh, Alexander Marsh, Adam Marsh

George Washington University Law School, Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws

Similar People
Rosemary Murphy, Camille Chamoun, Reginald Marsh, Dwight D Eisenhower, Gamal Abdel Nasser

Robert Daniel Murphy (October 28, 1894 – January 9, 1978) was an American diplomat.


Robert Daniel Murphy httpss3uswest2amazonawscomfindagravepr

Life and career

Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Murphy began his federal career at the United States Post Office (1916) then moved to be cipher clerk at the American Legation in Bern, Switzerland (1917). He was admitted to the U.S. Foreign Service in 1921. Among the several posts he held were Vice-Consul in Zürich and Munich, consul in Seville, consul in Paris from 1930 to 1936, and chargé d’affaires to the Vichy government. He was also the one-time State Department specialist on France.

In February 1941, Murphy negotiated the Murphy-Weygand Agreement, which allowed the United States to export to French North Africa in spite of the British blockade and trade restrictions against the Vichy-governed area.

In autumn of 1942, at President Franklin D. Roosevelt's behest, Murphy investigated conditions in French North Africa in preparation for the Allied landings – Operation Torch, the first major Western Allied ground offensive during World War II. He was appointed the President’s personal representative with the rank of Minister to French North Africa. Murphy made contact with various French army officers in Algiers and recruited them to support the Allies when the invasion of French North Africa came.

Prior to the November 8 invasion, Murphy, along with U.S. General Mark W. Clark, had worked to gain the cooperation of French General Henri Giraud for the attack. The Americans and British hoped to place Giraud in charge of all French forces in North Africa and command them for the Allied cause. Giraud, however, mistakenly believed he was to assume command of all Allied forces in North Africa, which put Murphy's diplomatic skills to the test to keep Giraud on board. Murphy and General Clark jointly convinced the French in North Africa to accept Admiral François Darlan—the commander of all French military Forces loyal to the Vichy regime and coincidentally in Algiers—as the highest authority in French North Africa and General Giraud as Commander of all French military in North Africa. Murphy used his friendly contacts with the French in North Africa to gain their cooperation in reentering the war against the Axis. He also needed all his diplomatic skills to steer General Clark away from confrontation with the French—especially Darlan. Darlan was assassinated in late December, removing him as an irritant to good relations.

Keeping the French united and aligned with the Allies into 1943 taxed Murphy's skills to their limit. He gained a powerful ally in British politician (and future Prime Minister) Harold Macmillan, also posted to Algiers in January 1943. The two diplomats worked together amiably to ensure that the Casablanca Conference came off smoothly in January 1943 and that Generals Giraud and de Gaulle would join forces to unite all anti-Axis French alongside the Allies. Keeping the quarrelsome French united and working with the Americans and British exasperated and exhausted Murphy. When General Eisenhower needed a civilian from the State Department to assume a similar role in Italy in 1943, Murphy gladly accepted it and left Algiers behind.

Diplomatic career after World War II

  • 1949 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Belgium
  • 1952 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Japan (first American ambassador to Japan after World War II)
  • 1953 Assistant Secretary for United Nations Affairs
  • 1953 Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs (Assistant Secretary)
  • 1955 Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs
  • 1956 Career Ambassador
  • 1958 Personal representative of President Dwight D. Eisenhower during the 1958 Lebanon crisis
  • 1959 Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
  • After government service

    Murphy retired from the U.S. State Department in December 1959, but became an adviser to Presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard Nixon. He served on President Gerald Ford's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.

    He was a member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group.

    In 2006, Murphy was featured on a United States postage stamp, one of a block of six featuring prominent diplomats.


  • The Bases of Peace, [Washington] United States Department of State, 1958
  • Diplomat among Warriors, [1st ed.], Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1964.
  • References

    Robert Daniel Murphy Wikipedia

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