Barbara Bosch (Ind.)
Reutlingen ( ) is a city in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany. It is the capital of the eponymous district of Reutlingen. As of April 2008, it has a population of 109,828. Reutlingen has a university of applied sciences, which was founded in 1855, originally as a weavers school. Today Reutlingen is home to an established textile industry and also houses machinery, leather goods and steel manufacturing facilities. It is famous for having the narrowest street in the world, Spreuerhofstrase (width 31 cm).
Reutlingen is located about 35 km (22 mi) south of the State capital of Baden-Wurttemberg, Stuttgart. It lies in the Southwest corner of Germany, right next to the Swabian Jura, and that is why it is often called The gate to the Swabian Jura (German: ). The Echaz river, a tributary of the Neckar, flows through the town centre.
Along with the old university town of Tubingen (about 15 km (9.3 mi) to the west), Reutlingen is the centre of the Neckar-Alb region. It is also part of the larger Stuttgart Metropolitan Region.
Church of the Virgin Mary, built in Gothic style in the 13th–14th centuries. Nearby is a statue of emperor Frederick II.
Marktbrunnen ("Market Fountain", 16th century), surmounted by the statue of emperor Maximilian II.
Spitalhof, built as a hospital in the 14th century. Damaged by a fire, it was largely rebuilt in the 18th century.
Church of St. Nicholas, built in the 14th century as a chapel.
Gerber- und Farberbrunnen ("Tanners and Dyers Fountain"), 1920.
City Hall, built in 1966.
Spreuerhofstrase, the worlds narrowest street.
The first settlements in the area are believed to date from the 4th or 5th century. Some time around 1030, Count Egino started to build a castle on top of the Achalm, one of the largest mountains in Reutlingen district (about 706 m). One of the towers of this castle was rebuilt in the 19th century and is open to visitors. The name Reutlingen was first mentioned in writing in the so-called Bempflingen Treaty (German: ) which is dated approximately 1089–90.
Around 1180, Reutlingen received market rights and, between 1220 and 1240 it was promoted to city status and city-walls and fortifications were built. Shortly thereafter, from 1247–1343, the towns landmark, the St. Marys Church (German: ) was built.
In 1377 Reutlingen was the scene of a victory by the Swabian League, formed in the previous year by 14 Swabian cities, led by Ulm, over the Count of Wurttemberg. In 1519, a later Swabian League came to Reutlingens help when Ulrich, Duke of Wurttemberg attempted to seize the city; the League landed a crushing blow, conquering Wurttemberg and selling it to Charles V.
As a result of such struggles, Reutlingen became an Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire, free from allegiance to the Duke of Wurttemberg. In 1530, Reutlingens city council signed the Augsburg Confession, and in 1580 and the Formula of Concord, key documents of Lutheranism. In 1803, in the wake of the French Revolutionary Wars, Reutlingen lost its independence in the German Mediatisation, being restored to Wurttemberg.