| Ismet Inonu|
Republican People's Party
| Celal Bayar|
Haci Ahmet Efendi
Ahmet Fikri Tuzer
| July 8, 1942, Istanbul, Turkey|
Refik Ibrahim Saydam (8 September 1881 – 8 July 1942) was the 4th Prime Minister of Turkey, serving from 25 January 1939 to 8 July 1942.
Refik Saydam Wikipedia
He was born in Istanbul in 1881 and is the son of Haci Ahmet Efendi of Cankiri. After completing primary and secondary education in Fatih Military Junior High School, he entered to Military School of Medicine in 1899. He went on training course at Gulhane as of graduating with the rank of doctor captain on 4 November 1905. He was assigned as doctor at Maltepe Military Hospital and Feshane Factory between the years 1907-1910 and improved his expertise on military camps and hospitals by being sent to Germany in 1910.
He was a medic in the Ottoman Army during the dissolution of the empire. He created a medicine to cure typhus, which was used largely by the Central Powers.
He was one of the key people of the Independence War. He landed at Samsun with Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1919 to start the resistance in Anatolia. He was known as a reformist while he was the Prime Minister. Just four years after his death, the single party period came to an end in Turkey.
He became the vice-president of the Department of Health of the Ministry of War on 1 December 1913 and was promoted to the rank of major on 1 June 1915. Meanwhile, he established the Institute of Bacteriology and his vaccines against epidemics and especially typhus had been effective. After the truce, he assigned to the order of 9th Army Inspectorship, and passed to Anatolia along with Mustafa Kemal as the health inspector of the army, soon named as the 3rd Army Inspectorship, on 15 May 1919. He attended to Erzurum and Sivas Congresses, came to Ankara with the delegation committee and joined to the opening ceremony of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey with the elections held for the first term as the deputy of Bayazit on 23 April 1920. He was elected as the Minister of Health in the Council of Ministers under the presidency of Fevzi Pasha, as the Minister of Health and Social Relief upon the resignation of Adnan, and resigned from ministry suggesting his sickness on 14 December 1921.
Being elected as Istanbul deputy, he officiated as the Minister of Health under the cabinet of Ismet Pasha in 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th sessions.
After the death of Ataturk, at the Second Bayar Government formed on 11 November 1938, he performed as the Minister of Interior and was assigned as the general secretary of the Republican People's Party. He was appointed to Prime Ministry of the 11th and 12th government of Turkey by President Ismet Inonu as Istanbul Deputy at the 6th session elections on 25 January 1939.
During this duty, he died in Istanbul on 8 July 1942 and was buried in Ankara.
Endeavoring to extend the health services and establishing health facilities, especially the Hifzissiha Foundation which is today known with his name, at the period of his health ministry, he also tried to protect the nation from the negative impacts of World War II during the period of prime ministry. He never married.