Tripti Joshi

Rason

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Country  North Korea
Region  Kwanbuk
Population  158,337 (2008)
Area  746 km2

Rason wwwkeiaorgsitesdefaultfilespublicationsthum

University  Rajin University of Marine Transport

Map of Rason

Rason (formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong; [ɾa.sʌn, ɾa.dʑin.sʌn.boŋ]) is a North Korean city and ice-free port in the Sea of Japan in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

Contents

In South Korean pronunciation, the initial "R" of the name is pronounced as "N", (나선, Naseon) as per standard Korean phonology. In 2000, the name was shortened from "Rajin-Sŏnbong" to "Rason". During the 1930s, the Japanese called it Rashin; at that time, it was an important port at the end of a railroad line. It was liberated by the Red Army on 14 August 1945.

Before 1991, Rason was used by the Soviet Union as an alternative warm-water port in case Vladivostok was unavailable. From 1993 to 2004, it was administered separately from North Hamgyŏng as the directly governed city (Chikhalsi) of Rason. Prior to 1993 and from 2004 to 2009, the city had been part of the North Hamgyŏng Province. Since 2010, the city is a "special city", again breaking from provincial control, but different from its older designation as a directly governed city. What this means in practice is unclear.

Rason borders Jilin province of China and Khasansky District in Primorsky Krai of Russia. China is making investments in the port as it gives it access to the Sea of Japan. In July 2011, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) gave a green light to the China's domestic trade cargo to be shipped via its port of Rajin from northeast to east China. Coal is shipped from nearby Chinese mines to Shanghai. A casino by the sea caters to Chinese visitors.

Heavy rain hits rason city in north korea


North korea rason city


Administrative divisions

Rason is divided into one district (kuyŏk) and one county (kun).

Rajin-guyŏk (라진구역; 羅津區域)

  • Anhwa-dong (안화동)
  • Anju-dong (안주동)
  • Chigyŏng-dong (지경동)
  • Chunghyŏn-dong (중현동)
  • Ch'angp'yŏng-dong (창평동)
  • Ch'ŏnggye-dong (청계동)
  • Hahyŏn-dong (하현동)
  • Haebang-dong (해방동)
  • Kwangok-tong (관곡동)
  • Namsan-dong (남산동)
  • Tongmyŏng-dong (동명동)
  • Sanghyŏn-dong (상현동)
  • Sin'an-dong (신안동)
  • Sinhae-dong (신해동)
  • Sinhŭng-dong (신흥동)
  • Songp'yŏng-dong (송평동)
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong (역전동)
  • Yuhyŏn-dong (유현동)
  • Much'ang-ri (무창리)
  • Huch'ang-ri (후창리)
  • Sŏnbong-gun (선봉군; 先鋒郡)

  • Sŏnbong-ŭp (선봉읍/先鋒邑)
  • Tuman'gang-rodongjagu (두만강로동자구/豆滿江勞動者區)
  • Ungsang-rodongjagu (웅상로동자구/雄尙勞動者區)
  • Chosal-li (조산리/造山里)
  • Hahoe-ri (하회리/下檜里)
  • Hayŏp'yŏng-ri (하여평리/下汝坪里)
  • Hongŭi-ri (홍의리/洪儀里)
  • Kulp'o-ri (굴포리/屈浦里)
  • Paekhang-ri (백학리/白鶴里)
  • Pup'o-ri (부포리/駙浦里)
  • Sahoe-ri (사회리/四會里)
  • Uam-ri (우암리/牛岩里)
  • Wŏnjŏng-ri (원정리/元汀里)
  • Port

    The Korean People's Navy maintains a naval training base at the Raijin Port in the city of Rason. In addition, a Chinese company has leased a dock for 10 years at the port.

    Transport

    Rail

    Rajin Station is on the Pyongra Line.

    References

    Rason Wikipedia


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