Suvarna Garge (Editor)


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Scientific name

Higher classification

Ramphastos Redbilled Toucan Ramphastos tucanus videos photos and sound

Lower classifications
Toco toucan, Keel‑billed toucan, Channel‑billed toucan, Green‑billed toucan, White‑throated toucan

Toco toucan, Keel billed toucan, Channel billed toucan

Nest toco toucan ramphastos toco wild birds brazilian fauna

Ramphastos is a genus of toucans, tropical and subtropical near passerine birds from Mexico, and Central and South America, which are brightly marked and have enormous, often colourful, bills.


Ramphastos wwwtaenoscomimgITISRamphastosvitellinusculm

Toco toucan ramphastos toco hd

Taxonomy and systematics

See also List of Ramphastos species and subspecies.

Extant species

The genus Ramphastos has eight species considered to belong to the genus:

Ramphastos Ramphastos

  • Green-billed toucan (Ramphastos dicolorus)
  • Channel-billed toucan (Ramphastos vitellinus)
  • citron-throated toucan (Ramphastos citreolaemus)
  • Choco toucan (Ramphastos brevis)
  • Keel-billed toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
  • Toco toucan (Ramphastos toco)
  • White-throated toucan (Ramphastos tucanus)
  • Yellow-throated toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus)
  • Former species

    Ramphastos FileRamphastos dicolorus Parque das Aves upper body8ajpg

    Some authorities, either presently or formerly, recognize additional species or subspecies as species belonging to the genus Ramphastos including:

    Ramphastos Ramphastos vitellinus

  • Green aracari (as Ramphastos viridis)
  • Ivory-billed aracari (as Ramphastos Azara)
  • Black-necked aracari (as Ramphastos Aracari)
  • Black-necked aracari (atricollis) (as Ramphastos atricollis)
  • Collared aracari (as Ramphastos torquatus)
  • Saffron toucanet (as Ramphastos Bailloni)
  • Description

    This genus comprises the largest toucans, ranging from 42 to 61 centimetres (17 to 24 in) in length. All have black wings, tails and thighs, but the colour of the remaining plumage depends on the exact species involved.

    Distribution and habitat

    They are essentially resident birds, but may take part in minor, local movements (e.g., to lower altitudes in the winter).


    They are arboreal and nest in tree holes laying 2–4 white eggs.

    Food and feeding

    All the species are basically fruit-eating, but will take insects and other small prey.


    The ischnoceran louse Austrophilopterus cancellosus is suspected to parasitize all species of Ramphastos toucans. Its presence has been confirmed on all species except the Citron-throated toucan.


    Ramphastos Wikipedia