Nisha Rathode

Qusar (city)

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Country  Azerbaijan
Founded  1938
Rayon  Qusar District

Qusar (city) in the past, History of Qusar (city)

Map of Qusar (city)

Qusar (also Kusary; Azerbaijani: Qusar, Lezgian: Кцlар) is the capital of Qusar Rayon, Azerbaijan. Qusar is located in foothills of Greater Caucasus, over the Qusarchay River, 35 kilometers southwest from Khudat railway station and 180 km from Baku.

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Qusar (city) Beautiful Landscapes of Qusar (city)

Breathtaking qusar azerbaijan


Azerbaijan qusar city shahdag mountain resort spa


Etymology

Qusar (city) Culture of Qusar (city)

There are many accounts of the origin of the city, but the most likely is a version by Tamilla Khalilova. Since the 7th century, conquest of the South Caucasus by Arabs began. According to historical data the Arabs reached a territory of present Qusar Rayon. According to the historians version name of the river is originated from Arabian Al-Qausar. In translation from the Quran into English “Al Qausar – in translation means a river of abundance, that is a heaven river, water of which is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. Its fragrance is nicer than musk and birds with beautiful long necks like necks of camels fly around it.” The settlement got its name from the river – Qusar. Modern historians believe that the name Qusar derives from khisar.

Lermontov's visit

Qusar (city) wwwhotelroomsearchnetimcityqusarazerbaijan2jpg

In 1836, Mikhail Lermontov visited Qusar, where he met with scientist-philosopher Haji Ali-efendi. There he heard “Ashiq Qarib” dastan from an eminent ahiq Lazgi Ahmad; he later wrote his famous work “Ashiq Qarib” based on its motifs. A home-museum of the poet is reserved in the city with a memorial plate, inscribed with the famous lines of Lermontov:

20th century

In 1938, Qusar settlement acquired a city status.

Geography

The city is located not far from Bazarduzu, Shahdagh Mountains and a border with Russia. The mountain river Qusarchay, in honor of which the city acquired its name, flows in Qusar. There is also an artificial lake, Fialka.

Climate

Qusar is located in a zone of subtropical climate and the northern part of the rayon is in zone of mild climate. But because of the heights above the sea level and proximity of the mountains winter is always cold here, and summer is not hot. Temperature of air can change more than 15 degrees during a day. For instance, in summer incessant days-long rains can begin after hot weather.

Demographics

According to “The Caucasian calendar” of 1916, there lived 1203 people, primarily Russian, in the territory of Qusar. In 1926, there were 120 Mountain Jews, a number which had increased to 241 by 1939.

According to a census of 1959, at least 7366 people lived in Qusar. According to a census of 1979, population of the city consisted of 12225 people, and in 1989 it reached 14230.

97% of the population consists of Lezgins.

Economy

The economy of Qusar is partially agricultural, partially tourist based, with some industries in operation. There are tinned food, milk and asphalt factories in the city.

Tourism and shopping

Qusar is home to Shahdag Winter Complex, the largest ski resort in Azerbaijan.

Culture

Local history museum was established in 1982. There are 3000 exhibits in the museum.

The Qusar State Art Gallery was opened in 1986. 101 works of Azerbaijani artists are on display in the gallery.

In 1998, the State Drama Theatre of Lezgins was opened in Qusar.

Parks and gardens

Qusar has plenty of parks and gardens, mostly well maintained. The Nariman Narimanov Park is the most scenic park in the town.

Sports

The city has one professional football team, Shahdag Qusar, currently competing in the second-flight of Azerbaijani football, the Azerbaijan First Division.

Transport

Qusar's urban transport system is mostly managed by the Ministry of Transportation.

Education

In 2008, 6 secondary schools, one of which functions in Azerbaijani and 5 in Russian language, were operating in the city. There are also two state run preschools and one private preschool, Panda School, as well as Azerbaijan State Pedagogical College, which trains future teachers of Azerbaijani, English, and elementary school. As of 2016 there are three language schools in the city. The most popular one, Apex English Language School, has been operating in Qusar since 2013.

Notable residents

  • Makhmud Abilov, Soviet Major General, who fought in the Soviet-Georgian War and World War II
  • Rafael Amirbekov, footballer, Baku FC's player
  • Rahid Amirguliyev, footballer, Khazar Lankaran's player
  • Farida Azizova, taekwondo practitioner
  • Timofey Borshev, People's Commissar of International Affairs of the Turkmen SSR (1938-1942).
  • Gavriil Ilizarov, Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for his eponymous surgery.
  • Sedaget Kerimova, Lezgin writer, poet and journalist
  • References

    Qusar (city) Wikipedia


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