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Phasianidae, Odontophoridae

Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds generally placed in the order Galliformes.


Old World quail are placed in the family Phasianidae, and New World quail are placed in the family Odontophoridae. The species of buttonquail are named for their superficial resemblance to quail, and form the family Turnicidae in the order Charadriiformes. The king quail, an Old World quail, often is sold in the pet trade, and within this trade is commonly, though mistakenly, referred to as a "button quail". Many of the common larger species are farm-raised for table food or egg consumption, and are hunted on game farms or in the wild, where they may be released to supplement the wild population, or extend into areas outside their natural range. In 2007, 40 million quail were produced in the U.S.

The collective noun for a group of quail is a flock, covey or bevy.

New World

  • Mountain quail, Oreortyx pictus
  • Genus Callipepla
  • Scaled quail, (commonly called blue quail) Callipepla squamata
  • Elegant quail, Callipepla douglasii
  • California quail, Callipepla californica
  • Gambel's quail, Callipepla gambelii
  • Genus Philortyx
  • Banded quail, Philortyx fasciatus
  • Genus Colinus
  • Northern bobwhite, Colinus virginianus
  • Black-throated bobwhite, Colinus nigrogularis
  • Spot-bellied bobwhite, Colinus leucopogon
  • Crested bobwhite, Colinus cristatus
  • Genus Odontophorus
  • Marbled wood quail, Odontophorus gujanensis
  • Spot-winged wood quail, Odontophorus capueira
  • Black-eared wood quail, Odontophorus melanotis
  • Rufous-fronted wood quail, Odontophorus erythrops
  • Black-fronted wood quail, Odontophorus atrifrons
  • Chestnut wood quail, Odontophorus hyperythrus
  • Dark-backed wood quail, Odontophorus melanonotus
  • Rufous-breasted wood quail, Odontophorus speciosus
  • Tacarcuna wood quail, Odontophorus dialeucos
  • Gorgeted wood quail, Odontophorus strophium
  • Venezuelan wood quail, Odontophorus columbianus
  • Black-breasted wood quail, Odontophorus leucolaemus
  • Stripe-faced wood quail, Odontophorus balliviani
  • Starred wood quail, Odontophorus stellatus
  • Spotted wood quail, Odontophorus guttatus
  • Genus Dactylortyx
  • Singing quail, Dactylortyx thoracicus
  • Genus Cyrtonyx
  • Montezuma quail, Cyrtonyx montezumae
  • Ocellated quail, Cyrtonyx ocellatus
  • Genus Rhynchortyx
  • Tawny-faced quail, Rhynchortyx cinctus
  • Quails in cookery

    Quail that have fed on hemlock (e.g., during migration) may induce acute renal failure due to accumulation of toxic substances from the hemlock in the meat; this problem is referred to as "coturnism".


    Quail Wikipedia

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