The first settlers of the area were the Orang Asli community in a village known as Kampung Pulas. In 1900, heron(Malay: burung puchong) were aplenty in the area and were a staple for the Orang Asli.
However, it is believed that the area was explored by immigrants from Sumatra and Java. At first, the people worked as fishermen, rubber tappers and miners. Due to the booming tin mining industry, immigrants from China and India were also brought in.
During the communist insurgency in 1948, all residents were resettled to an area which is known as Kampung Baru Batu 14.
During the 1980s, Puchong consisted of a single two-lane road running through estates and villages. Puchong development began circa 1985, when the mining licenses expired and infrastructure began to be built.
Since then, urbanization has occurred rapidly with many industrial parks, commercial centres and residential areas mushrooming along Jalan Puchong.
Puchong is under the jurisdiction of four local authorities;5th to 7th mile stretch is under Kuala Lumpur City Hall (DBKL) jurisdiction
Kinrara to 16th mile is under the Subang Jaya Municipal Council (MPSJ) in Petaling District, and
Bukit Puchong 2, 16 Sierra, Pulau Meranti, Bandar Nusaputra, Taman Putra Perdana and Taman Mas, is under Sepang Municipal Council (MPSepang) in Sepang District.
the remaining areas near Bandar Saujana Putra such as Taman Daging Mas, Koi Prima and Putra Industrial Park, is under Kuala Langat District Council (MDKL) in Kuala Langat District.
The Puchong town centre (Malay: Pusat Bandar Puchong) is mostly located within MPSJ's (Subang Jaya) jurisdictional area on the Petaling District.
Puchong has both local and foreign banks.
There is a wet market called Puteri Mart at Bandar Puteri beside the MBA Stadium and the Town Park where residents can shop for their groceries. Residents of Puchong can also do their shopping in Tesco, IOI Mall (which has a multiplex and bowling alley), Giant, Jusco, Puchong Parade and Puchong Plaza shopping malls. Bank of China (M) Bhd opened its 6th branch in Malaysia at Tower 2, PFCC, Bandar Puteri Puchong in 2012.
IOI Boulevard is one of the business centres located here with retail and office units. A similar project by SP Setia called SetiaWalk Puchong has been partially completed, and though it look quiet from outside, but when you park in the basement which is the only way to access the shops in the center of the building apart from walking, there are many shops open inside. Block E of SetiaWalk (also known as SetiaWalk Mall) has a gym (Celebrity Fitness), a TGV cinema and a multiplex which houses a Subway outlet.
Rakan Muda Sports Complex is a sport centre which also serves the residents of Puchong with many kinds of sports including futsal and badminton. Ayer Hitam Forest Reserve is the remaining green lung in Puchong, it is a popular trekking spot for many active residents to enjoy nature. There are still many mining ponds around Puchong where locals engage in water sports and fishing.
Private hospitals Columbia Asia Hospital and KPMC Puchong Medical Centre are both located at Puteri Puchong.