Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Porcelain crab

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Scientific name

Higher classification


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Lower classifications
Petrolisthes, Pachycheles, Riise porcelain crab, Pachycheles susanae

Porcelain crab in rose bubble anemone at eco reef

Porcelain crabs are decapod crustaceans in the widespread family Porcellanidae, which superficially resemble true crabs. They have flattened bodies as an adaptation for living in rock crevices. They are delicate, readily losing limbs when attacked, and use their large claws for maintaining territories.


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Porcelain crab feeding


Porcelain crabs are small, usually with body widths of less than 15 mm (0.59 in). They share the general body plan of a squat lobster, but their bodies are more compact and flattened, an adaptation for living and hiding under rocks. Porcelain crabs are quite fragile animals, and will often shed their limbs to escape predators, hence their name. The lost appendage can grow back over several moults. Porcelain crabs have large chelae (claws), which are used for territorial struggles, but not for catching food. The fifth pair of pereiopods is reduced and used for cleaning.


Porcelain crab Crab

Porcelain crabs are an example of carcinisation, whereby a noncrab-like animal (in this case a relative of a squat lobster) evolves into an animal that resembles a true crab. Porcelain crabs can be distinguished from true crabs by the apparent number of walking legs (three instead of four pairs, the fourth pair is reduced and held against the carapace), and the long antennae originating on the front outside of the eyestalks. The abdomen of the porcelain crab is long and folded underneath it, free to move.

Biogeography and ecology

Porcelain crabs live in all the world's oceans, except the Arctic Ocean and the Antarctic. They are common under rocks, and can often be found and observed on rocky beaches and shorelines, startled creatures scurrying away when a stone is lifted. They feed by combing plankton and other organic particles from the water using long setae (feathery hair- or bristle-like structures) on the mouthparts.

Some of the common species of porcelain crabs in the Caribbean Sea are Petrolisthes quadratus, found in large numbers under rocks in the intertidal, and the red-and-white polka-dotted Porcellana sayana, which lives commensally within the shells inhabited by large hermit crabs. In Hong Kong, Petrolisthes japonicus is common.


As of 2010, some 277 extant species porcelain crab had been described, divided among these 30 genera:

The fossil record of porcelain crabs includes species of Pachycheles, Pisidia, Polyonyx, Porcellana, and a further 6 genera known only from fossils:

  • Annieporcellana Fraaije et al., 2008
  • Beripetrolisthes De Angeli & Garassino, 2002
  • Eopetrolisthes De Angeli & Garassino, 2002
  • Jurellana Schweitzer & Feldmann, 2010
  • Lobipetrolisthes De Angeli & Garassino, 2002
  • Longoporcellana Müller & Collins, 1991
  • The earliest porcelain crab fossil is Jurellana from the Tithonian of central Europe.


    Porcelain crab Wikipedia

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