| Catholic, Jesuit|
Pope Pius X
| Michael Kolarcik, SJ|
+39 06 6952 66101
| 1909; 108 years ago (1909)|
Higher studies in Sacred Scripture
Piazza della Pilotta
Piazza della Pilotta, 35, 00187 Roma, Italy
Albert Vanhoye, Gianfranco Ravasi, Peter Turkson, Prosper Grech, Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya
Pontifical Gregorian University, Pontifical Oriental Institute, Pontifical Urban University, Pontifical Lateran University, Pontifical University of Saint T
The Pontifical Biblical Institute (it: Pontificio Istituto Biblico) or "Biblicum" in Rome, Italy, is an institution of the Holy See run by the Jesuits that offers instruction at the university level. It was founded by Pope Pius X in the Apostolic Letter Vinea Electa in 1909 as a center of advanced studies in Holy Scripture, for the purpose of the effective promotion of Catholic doctrine and its related studies.
Pontifical Biblical Institute Wikipedia
At first the Institute prepared students for exams at the Pontifical Biblical Commission. In 1916 it was licensed by Pope Benedict XV to grant academic degrees in the name of the Commission, and in 1928 by Pope Pius XI to grant doctorates in affiliation with the Pontifical Gregorian University, independent of the Commission. In 1927 a branch was opened in Jerusalem. The Pontifical Oriental Institute established in 1917 by Pope Benedict XV was entrusted to the Jesuits in 1922 by Pope Pius XI. Since 1928 the Greg with its affiliates the Biblicum and Orientale are together known as the Gregorian Consortium, owned by the Holy See and entrusted to the Society of Jesus. The Biblicum publishes books and nine periodicals through the Gregorian & Biblical Press.
Cardinal Augustin Bea is particularly noteworthy for having defended the Biblicum against charges of Modernism in the years prior to the Second Vatican Council.
Among the prominent alumni of the Biblicum, the following were elevated to the Episcopate and/or Cardinalate.