Harman Patil (Editor)

Polypodium virginianum

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Kingdom  Plantae
Order  Polypodiales
Genus  Polypodium
Rank  Species
Division  Pteridophyta
Family  Polypodiaceae
Scientific name  Polypodium virginianum
Polypodium virginianum httpsnewfss3amazonawscomtaxonimages1000s1
Class  Polypodiopsida / Pteridopsida (disputed)
Similar  Polypodium appalachianum, Polypodium, Dryopteris marginalis, Dryopteris intermedia, Asplenium platyneuron

Polypodium virginianum, commonly known as rock polypody, rock cap fern, or common polypody, is a small evergreen species of fern native to the Eastern United States and Canada. It generally grows on rocks and occasionally on tree roots in nature.


Polypodium virginianum Polypodium virginianum rock polypody Go Botany


Polypodium virginianum Polypodium virginianum rock polypody Go Botany

Polypodium virginianum is a small rhizomatous fern with narrow leaves 8–40 cm long and 3–6 cm wide borne on smooth, scaleless petioles (3–15 cm). Leaves are evergreen, oblong and pinnatifid with acuminate tips.

Polypodium virginianum Polypodium virginianum

Large, circular sori are prominently featured on the underside of fertile fronds in late summer and autumn. Sporangia are intermixed with long brown glandular hairs.


Polypodium virginianum Polypodium virginianum Wikipedia

Polypodium virginianum has several synonyms including: P. vinlandicum A. Love & D. Love, P. vulgare L. var. americanum Hooker, P. vulgare L. var. virginianum (L.) D. C. Eaton. It is generally treated as distinct, though some have recommended it is equally well treated as a North American variety of the circumboreal Polypodium vulgare.

This species is an allotetraploid of hybrid origin, the parents being Polypodium appalachianum and P. sibiricum.

Distribution and habitat

Polypodium virginianum Plants Profile for Polypodium virginianum rock polypody

Polypodium virginianum typically grows on boulders, cliffs, and rocky slopes and does not need well-developed soil. It is common throughout Eastern North America; its native distribution ranges from Newfoundland to Yukon south to Georgia, Alabama, and Arkansas.

Polypodium virginianum Polypodium virginianum page


Polypodium virginianum Wikipedia

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Asplenium platyneuron
Dryopteris intermedia
Dryopteris marginalis