| Polypodiopsida /
Polypodium appalachianum, Polypodium, Dryopteris marginalis, Dryopteris intermedia, Asplenium platyneuron
Polypodium virginianum, commonly known as rock polypody, rock cap fern, or common polypody, is a small evergreen species of fern native to the Eastern United States and Canada. It generally grows on rocks and occasionally on tree roots in nature.
Polypodium virginianum Wikipedia
Polypodium virginianum is a small rhizomatous fern with narrow leaves 8–40 cm long and 3–6 cm wide borne on smooth, scaleless petioles (3–15 cm). Leaves are evergreen, oblong and pinnatifid with acuminate tips.
Large, circular sori are prominently featured on the underside of fertile fronds in late summer and autumn. Sporangia are intermixed with long brown glandular hairs.
Polypodium virginianum has several synonyms including: P. vinlandicum A. Love & D. Love, P. vulgare L. var. americanum Hooker, P. vulgare L. var. virginianum (L.) D. C. Eaton. It is generally treated as distinct, though some have recommended it is equally well treated as a North American variety of the circumboreal Polypodium vulgare.
This species is an allotetraploid of hybrid origin, the parents being Polypodium appalachianum and P. sibiricum.
Polypodium virginianum typically grows on boulders, cliffs, and rocky slopes and does not need well-developed soil. It is common throughout Eastern North America; its native distribution ranges from Newfoundland to Yukon south to Georgia, Alabama, and Arkansas.