Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Polyphaga

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Polyphaga
Rank  Suborder
Phylum  Arthropoda
Higher classification  Beetle
Polyphaga Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Coleoptera Polyphaga Scarabaei Flickr
Lifespan  Callosobruchus maculatus: 10 – 14 days, Dynastes tityus: 3 – 6 months
Length  Colorado potato beetle: 1 cm, Dynastes tityus: 4 – 6 cm
Lower classifications  Longhorn beetle, Scarabs, Scarabaeoidea, Weevil, Leaf beetle

Polyphaga saussurei 2


Polyphaga is the largest and most diverse suborder of beetles. It comprises 144 families in 16 superfamilies, and displays an enormous variety of specialization and adaptation, with over 300,000 described species, or approximately 90% of the beetle species so far discovered.

Contents

Polyphaga tolweborgtreeToLimagespopillia4250ajpg

Key characteristics of Polyphaga are that the hind coxa (base of the leg), does not divide the first and second abdominal/ventral plates which are known as sternites. Also, the notopleural suture (found under the pronotal shield) is not present.

Polyphaga Polyphaga

Polyphaga saussurei


Etymology

Polyphaga Polyphaga Coleoptera Wikispecies

The name of polyphaga is derived from two Greek words: poly-, meaning 'many', and phagein, meaning 'to eat', so the suborder is called the “eaters of many things”.

Classification

The five infraorders are:

Polyphaga Polyphaga Wikipedia
  • Bostrichiformia — including furniture beetles and skin beetles
  • Cucujiformia — includes lady beetles, longhorn beetles, weevils, checkered beetles and leaf beetles
  • Elateriformia — includes click beetles and fireflies
  • Scarabaeiformia — includes scarab beetles and stag beetles
  • Staphyliniformia — includes rove beetles and water scavenger beetles
  • The internal classification of Polyphaga involves several superfamilies or series, whose constituents are relatively stable, although some smaller families (whose rank even is disputed) are allocated to different clades by different authors. Large superfamilies include Hydrophiloidea, Staphylinoidea, Scarabaeoidea, Buprestoidea, Byrrhoidea, Elateroidea, and Bostrichoidea.

    The infraorder Cucujiformia includes the vast majority of phytophagous (plant-eating) beetles, united by cryptonephric Malpighian tubules of the normal type, a cone ommatidium with open rhabdom, and lack of functional spiracles on the eighth abdominal segment. Constituent superfamilies of Cucujiformia are Cleroidea, Cucujoidea, Tenebrionoidea, Chrysomeloidea, and Curculionoidea. Evidently adoption of a phytophagous lifestyle correlates with taxon diversity in beetles, with Cucujiformia, especially weevils (Curculionoidea), forming a major radiation.

    References

    Polyphaga Wikipedia


    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L