Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Longhorn beetle

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Kingdom  Animalia
Superfamily  Chrysomeloidea
Phylum  Arthropoda
Higher classification  Chrysomeloidea
Suborder  Polyphaga
Scientific name  Cerambycidae
Order  Beetle
Rank  Family
Longhorn beetle Velvet longhorned beetle Trichoferus campestris Pest Tracker
Lower classifications  Asian long‑horn, Lamiinae, Cerambycinae, Hylotrupes, Monochamus

The longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae; also known as long-horned or longhorn beetles or longicorns) are a cosmopolitan family of beetles, typically characterized by extremely long antennae, which are often as long as or longer than the beetle's body. In various members of the family, however, the antennae are quite short (e.g., Neandra brunnea) and such species can be difficult to distinguish from related beetle families such as the Chrysomelidae. The family is large, with over 26,000 species described, slightly more than half from the Eastern Hemisphere. Several are serious pests. The larvae, called roundheaded borers, bore into wood, where they can cause extensive damage to either living trees or untreated lumber (or, occasionally, to wood in buildings; the old-house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus, is a particular problem indoors). A number of species mimic ants, bees, and wasps, though a majority of species are cryptically colored. The rare titan beetle (Titanus giganteus) from northeastern South America is often considered the largest (though not the heaviest, and not the longest including legs) insect, with a maximum known body length of just over 16.7 cm (6.6 in). The scientific name of this beetle family goes back to a figure from Greek mythology: after an argument with nymphs, the shepherd Cerambos was transformed into a large beetle with horns.

Contents

Longhorn beetle How to identify longhorn beetles Discover Wildlife

Classification

Longhorn beetle Asian Longhorned Beetle

As with many large families, different authorities have tended to recognize many different subfamilies, or sometimes split subfamilies off as separate families entirely (e.g., Disteniidae, Oxypeltidae, and Vesperidae); there is thus some instability and controversy regarding the constituency of the Cerambycidae. There are few truly defining features for the group as a whole, at least as adults, as there are occasional species or species groups which may lack any given feature; the family and its closest relatives, therefore, constitute a taxonomically difficult group, and relationships of the various lineages are still poorly understood.

Subfamilies

The ten subfamilies are:

Longhorn beetle httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
  • Anoplodermatinae Guérin-Méneville, 1840
  • Apatophyseinae Lacordaire, 1869
  • Cerambycinae Latreille, 1802
  • Dorcasominae Lacordaire, 1869
  • Lamiinae Latreille, 1825
  • Lepturinae Latreille, 1802
  • Necydalinae Latreille, 1825
  • Parandrinae Blanchard, 1845
  • Prioninae Latreille, 1802
  • Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832
  • Notable genera and species


  • Moneilema – cactus longhorn beetles
  • Anoplophora chinensis – citrus long-horned beetle
  • Phymatodes nitidus
  • Anoplophora glabripennis – Asian long-horned beetle
  • Tetraopes tetrophthalmus – red milkweed beetle
  • Tetropium fuscum – brown spruce longhorn beetle, a major Canadian pest
  • Desmocerus californicus dimorphus – valley elderberry longhorn beetle
  • Petrognatha gigas – giant African longhorn beetle
  • Rosalia alpina – Rosalia longhorn beetle
  • Aridaeus thoracicus – tiger longicorn (Australia)

  • Longhorn beetle The Most Exotic Beautiful Longhorn Beetle Palo Verde YouTube

    References

    Longhorn beetle Wikipedia


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