Trisha Shetty

Polish Academy of Sciences

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Abbreviation  PAS
Region served  Poland
Headquarters  Warsaw
President  Prof. Jerzy Duszyński
Polish Academy of Sciences
Formation  1951; 66 years ago (1951)
Type  National academy, Academy of Sciences

The Polish Academy of Sciences (Polish: Polska Akademia Nauk, PAN), headquartered in Warsaw, is Poland's top academy of sciences. It is responsible for spearheading the development of science across the country by a society of distinguished scholars as well as a network of research institutes. It was established in 1951, during the early period of the Polish People's Republic following World War II.

Contents

History

The Polish Academy of Sciences PAN, is a Polish state sponsored institution of higher learning, headquartered in Warsaw, that was established by the merger of earlier learned societies, including the Polish Academy of Learning (Polska Akademia Umiejętności, abbreviated PAU), with its seat in Kraków, and the Warsaw Society of Friends of Learning, which had been founded in the late 18th century.

The Polish Academy of Sciences functions as a learned society acting through an elected corporation of leading scholars and research institutions. The Academy has also, operating through its committees, become a major scientific advisory body.

Another aspect of the Academy is its coordination and overseeing of numerous (several dozens) research institutes. PAN institutes employ over 2,000 people, and are funded by about a third of the Polish government's budget for science.

In 1989, the Polish Academy of Learning in Kraków, resumed its independent existence, separate from the Polish Academy of Sciences, in Warsaw.

Institutes

The Polish Academy of Sciences has numerous institutes including:

  • Institute for the History of Science, Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Institute of Economics of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Mammal Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology
  • Polish Institute of Physical Chemistry
  • Bohdan Dobrzański Institute of Agrophysics
  • Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
  • Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science
  • Institute of Pharmacology of the Polish Academy of Sciences - established, 1954, became an independent institute in 1974; publishes the journal Pharmacological Reports.
  • Institute of Computer Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Notable members

  • Józef Barnaś, physicist
  • Andrzej Białas, physicist
  • Tomasz Dietl, physicist
  • Maria Janion, scholar, critic and theoretician of literature
  • Zbigniew Jedliński, chemist
  • Tadeusz A. Jezierski, ethologist
  • Leszek Kaczmarek, neurobiologist
  • Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, paleontologist
  • Franciszek Kokot, nephrologist
  • Stanisław Konturek, physician
  • Leszek Kołakowski, philosopher
  • Roman Kozłowski, paleontologist
  • Mieczysław Mąkosza, chemist
  • Karol Myśliwiec, archeologist
  • Ewa Łętowska, lawyer and the first Polish Ombudsman
  • Rafal Ohme, social psychologist
  • Czesław Olech, mathematician
  • Bohdan Paczyński, astrophysicist
  • Andrzej Schinzel, mathematician
  • Jan Strelau, psychologist
  • Piotr Sztompka, sociologist
  • Andrzej Trautman, physicist
  • Andrzej Udalski, astrophysicist and astronomer
  • Jerzy Vetulani, pharmacologist and neurobiologist
  • Jan Woleński, philosopher
  • Aleksander Wolszczan, astronomer
  • Stanisław Zagaja, pomologist, professor and director of Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture
  • Maciej Żylicz, biologist and President of the Board of Foundation for Polish Science
  • Wanda Leopold, author, translator, and literature critic
  • Foreign members

  • Aage Bohr, physicist
  • Joseph H. Eberly, physicist
  • Erol Gelenbe, computer scientist and engineer
  • Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Polish chemist working at Carnegie Mellon University
  • Karl Alexander Müller, physicist
  • Roger Penrose, mathematician
  • Carlo Rubbia, physicist
  • Boleslaw Szymanski, computer scientist
  • Chen Ning Yang, physicist
  • George Zarnecki, art historian
  • Periodicals

  • Acta Arithmetica
  • Acta Ornithologica
  • Acta Palaeontologica Polonica
  • Acta Physica Polonica
  • Annales Zoologici
  • Archaeologia Polona
  • Fundamenta Mathematicae
  • References

    Polish Academy of Sciences Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Three from Prostokvashino
    Joost Boks
    David Reay
    Topics