Pavlograd (Ukrainian: Павлогра́д, [pɑwɫɔɦˈrɑd]; Russian: Павлогра́д) is an industrial city in eastern Ukraine, located within the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. Administratively, Pavlohrad is incorporated as the town of oblast significance and serves as the administrative center of Pavlohrad Raion which it does not belong to. Population: 110,070 (2013 est.). It had a population of 118,800 in 2001.
The rivers of Vovcha (runs through the city 12.85 kilometres (7.98 mi) towards the Samara River), Hnizdka (3.9 kilometres (2.4 mi)), Kocherha (2.9 kilometres (1.8 mi)) flow through Pavlohrad. The area of the city is 59.3 square kilometres (22.9 sq mi). There are 20 schools and 1 lyceum in the city.
Pavlohrad is one of the oldest settlements in Dnipropetrovsk oblast. The first references to it are from the 17th century. At the beginning of the 1770s Zaporozhian Cossack Matvii Khizhnyak built winter quarters, which soon became known as sloboda Matviivka. In 1779 Matveevka was renamed to Luhanske, as the latter became headquarters of the Luhansk pikemen regiment headed by M. I. Golinishchev-Kutuzov. With the establishment of Yekaterinoslav Viceroyalty, Pavlohrad, named in honor of Paul І, became a part of this administrative unit as a district town. In 1784 Pavlohrad received city status.
There were 426 homes and 2419 inhabitants in the city at the end of 18th century. The citizens of Pavlograd lived in wattle and daub. The first stone building was Svyato-Vosnesensky Cathedral on Soborna ploshcha (eng.: cathedral square). The first blazon of the city was affirmed on July 29, 1811, the second one on September 26, 1979. The first citizens were Cossacks of Samarsky and Kalmiussky Palanki and demobilized military. The city plan was created by Scottish architect W. Geste and was affirmed by emperor Nicholas I on July 31, 1831.
In 1871 local merchant A.K.Shalin was elected the first head of the city. The central street was named after him (ul. Shalinskaya, (eng: Shalinky street)later renamed ul. Lenina, (eng.: Lenin street)). Merchant of ІІ Guild A.V.Permanin was elected as city governor in 1892. Under his leadership the city started to develop rapidly: a lot of churches, temples, barracks, gymnasiums, factories and plants were built.
In 1896, "Earl's Theatre" was built by the Golenishchev-Kutuzov family. In the 1870s a railway was built between St. Petersburg and Simferopol, passing through Pavlohrad.
In 1930 there was an uprising against Soviet rule in Pavlohrad. From 1780 to 1941, a significant Jewish community existed in the city. The pre-Holocaust Jewish population was approximately 4,000. The city was destroyed during Nazi occupation in 1941. During the Holocaust, a concentration camp was located in Pavlohrad and a large part of the community died during the war and during the mass executions. The Pavlohrad Jewish cemetery contains not only Jewish, but also Christian burials, which were agreed to by the leaders of the local Jewish community in 1995. On May 22, 2011, it was reported that unknown persons desecrated the cemetery in the town - tombstones were turned over and broken as what seems to be an anti-Semitic act.
The city is home to Pavlohrad Mechanical Plant (PMZ) that was established in December 1963 as a specialized production facility of the Plant no. 586 (now Pivdenmash Production Association). PMZ is a factory dedicated to assembly, perfection and production of solid-fueled rocket engines and missiles. By 1975 PMZ became the largest solid-rocket factory within the Ministry of General Machine Building of USSR. PMZ made fuel tanks for booster rockets and plastic ICBM rocket motor casings; parts, components, and assemblies for aerospace systems manufacturing.
Pavlohrad is twinned with: Lubsko, Poland
San Sebastián, Spain