Panruti Panchayat was established as Town Panchayat in 1886 . Panruti Town Panchayat was established as Panruti Municipal with the inclusion of Thiruvathigai Town Panchayat then 3rd Grade Panruti Municipality was established by the inclusion of the surrounding hamlet villages as per G.O Order No 2117 Dated 1.10.1966 by Tamil Nadu Govt.
Due to the high revenue of agricultural income from crops such as jackfruit, cashews, and bettlenut this municipality was upgraded as 2nd Grade Municipality as per G.O Order No 533 Dated 22 March 1975 by the Tamil Nadu Govt. As per Water Supply Department this municipality was upgraded as 1st Grade Municipality as per G.O. Order No 715 Dated 6.10.89 Total Area of this Municipality is 18.03 km2. From 1969 onwards the Municipal Election are being conducted as per Tamil Nadu Government Rules. As per Municipal Administration and Water Supply Department Order No 133 Dated 6 June 1996 the strength of municipal councilors was increased from 24 to 33 due to the population increases as per the census in 1971.
The name Panruti evolved from pannargal (a word for people who created music in ancient times). The creators of various panns were also titled as pannar..The name Panruti evolved "Pan Urutti" word for people who created music by Stone from river when water flowup (Thenpennai river).
Panruti is located on the main line of high ways. State highways Chennai-Kumbakonam and Cuddalore-Chittoor passes through Panruti. Panruti is located at 11.77°N 79.55°E / 11.77; 79.55. It has an average elevation of 32 metres (104 feet). The Kedilam River flows through the town.and thenpanni river town with both side by the river.
Panruti produces cashews, jackfruit, sugar cane and many vegetables. Panruti plays a major role in the cashew export business, exporting to Malaysia, Australia, Singapore, and the United States. It is known for its famous international jackfruit market, from where jackfruit is exported to many other countries. It is also a commercial center of Cuddalore district. The Rathinampillai market located in the center of the city attracts thousands of people everyday from morning 5:00 a.m. itself. Near by villages Anguchetty palayam, Chinnapettai, Thiruthuraiyur, Puthupettai or Pudupet, Bandrakottai, Mandhipalayam, Kadampuliyar, Periyakattupalayam and number of villages weaving the Lungi, Silk sarees.
According to 2011 census, Panruti had a population of 60,323 with a sex-ratio of 996 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 6,257 were under the age of six, constituting 3,204 males and 3,053 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 15.02% and .19% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 76.19%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 14170 households. There were a total of 21,822 workers, comprising 948 cultivators, 2,174 main agricultural labourers, 370 in house hold industries, 14,624 other workers, 3,706 marginal workers, 122 marginal cultivators, 1,660 marginal agricultural labourers, 93 marginal workers in household industries and 1,831 other marginal workers.
As per the religious census of 2011, Panruti had 87.36% Hindus, 11% Muslims, 1.3% Christians, 0.01% Sikhs, 0.03% Buddhists, 0.25% Jains and 0.04% following other religions.
Mr. Panruti S. Ramachandran, 1971-1976, served as Minister for Transport and Local Administration.From 1977-1987, served as Minister in various capacities including Electricity, Food, Urban Administration, Labour, etc.n the Tamil Nadu State Assembly, served as Deputy Leader of the Opposition, and Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee 2011-13.and T. Velmurugan is an Tamil Nadu(India) politician and Former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu. He was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly as a Pattali Makkal Katchi candidate from Panruti constituency in 2001, and 2006 elections. He founded his own party Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi. The current political party in here is ADMK and the MLA is Mrs. Sathya Paneerselvam till the next assembly elections(2021). During the 2009 general elections, Panruti was a part of Cuddalore (Lok Sabha constituency) that had the following six assembly segments. Tittakudi (SC), Vridhachalam, Neyveli, Cuddalore, Panruti and Kurinjipadi. Before 2009, Cuddalore Lok Sabha constituency composed of the following assembly segments:Ulundurpet (SC), Nellikkuppam, Cuddalore, Panruti, Rishivandinam and Sankarapuram. The Lok Sabha seat has been held by the Indian National Congress for eight terms during 1951–56, 1971–77, 1977–80. 1980–84, 1984–1989, 1989–91, 1991–96, and 2009–present, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for four times during 1962–1967, 1967–71, 1999-04, and 2004–09, Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam once during 1998–99, Tamil Maanila Congress once during 1996-2001 and an independent during 1957–62, The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is A. Arunmozhithevan from the AIADMK.
A five-foot-tall Gandhi statue at Gandhi park near the Four-Road junction at Panruti was found in the month of September 2016, Dust had accumulated on the layers of paintwork, haphazardly done in bursts of administrative energy. When the civic body officials swung into action to give the park a much-needed facelift, little did they know that amid the thick outgrowth of weeds was hidden a treasure trove. The statue that braved the elements for over six decades was found to be made of Panchaloha - an amalgamation of five precious metals and alloys - worth several crores of rupees, with gold comprising around 25 per cent of the statue’s 200-odd kg weight i.e. 40 kg of gold in it. Veeratteswarar temple in nearby Thiruvathigai. According to the legend Thirugnana Sambanthar was glorified by the cosmic dance of Lord Shiva at this holy place. Appar's sister Thilakavathiyar settled here
during her later years and devoted her lifetime service to the Lord Siva. Also notable saints Thirunavukkarasar, and Arunagirinathar visited and wrote many hymns on the Lord. Afflicted by a painful illness, Thirunavukkarasar prayed for relief at this temple where his sister Thilagavathiyar served and was cured. This temple is the place where Lord shiva destroyed three rakshashas (demons) and the three cities created by them. This temple is one among the 8 veera Siva temples in Tamil Nadu.Thiruvathigai Saranarayana Perumal, another name of Lord Vishnu, is the one who gave the saram (arrow) to Lord shiva for killing the demons. Hence the name Saranarayanar. 1300 Old Renganathar Temple is also located in Thiruvathigai dedicated to Lord Vishnu.