Sneha Girap (Editor)

Paciano Rizal

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Years of service  1897–1900
Role  Jose Rizal's brother
Rank  Brigadier General
Parents  Teodora Alonso
Relations  Jose Rizal, brother
Nephews  Francisco Rizal
Name  Paciano Rizal

Born  March 9, 1851 Calamba, Laguna, Captaincy General of the Philippines (1851-03-09)
Allegiance  First Philippine Republic Republic of Biak-na-Bato Katipunan
Service/branch  Philippine Revolutionary Army
Battles/wars  Philippine Revolution* Battle of CalambaPhilippine-American War
Siblings  Jose Rizal, Saturnina Hidalgo, Concepcion Mercado
Battles and wars  Philippine Revolution, Philippine–American War
Similar People  Jose Rizal, Saturnina Hidalgo, Josephine Bracken, Leonor Rivera–Kipping, Francisco Mercado
Died  April 13, 1930 (aged 79) Los Baños, Laguna, Philippine Islands

Life of paciano rizal jose rizal s older brother torture

Paciano Rizál Mercado y Alonso Realonda, better known as Paciano Rizal (March 9, 1851 – April 13, 1930), was a Filipino general and revolutionary, and the older brother of José Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines.


Paciano Rizal httpssmediacacheak0pinimgcomoriginalsd6

MTV : Paciano Rizal

Early life

Paciano Rizal was born to Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro (1818–1897) and Teodora Morales Alonso y Quintos (1827-1911; whose family later changed their surname to "Realonda"), as the second of eleven children born to a wealthy family in the town of Calamba, Laguna.

He grew up witnessing the abuses of the clergy and the Spanish colonial government. As a young student, together with Felipe Buencamino and Gregorio Sancianco, Paciano was a founding member of La Juventud Liberal, a reformist student organization that worked under the direction of the Comite de Reformadores, among whose leaders was Padre José Burgos. Among their tasks was to secretly distribute copies of the reformist paper, El Eco Filipino, while pretending to be purveyors of horse fodder (zacateros).

Burgos, who was Paciano's friend and teacher, was later implicated in the Cavite Mutiny of 1872 and summarily executed.


Paciano joined and actively supported Propaganda Movement for social reforms, and supported the Movement's newspaper, Diariong Tagalog. An avid supporter of the movement, he did tasks such as collecting funds to finance the said organization, and solicited money for the nationalist paper.

In January 1897, after his younger brother's execution, Paciano joined General Emilio Aguinaldo in Cavite. He was appointed brigadier general of the revolutionary forces, and was elected Secretary of Finance in the Departmental Government of Central Luzon.

During the Philippine-American War (1899–1913), he commanded the Filipino forces in Laguna. U.S. troops captured him in Laguna on 1900. He was released soon after, and he settled in the town of Los Banos, Laguna.


He lived a quiet life as a gentleman farmer, and died in April 13, 1930 at the age of 79 of tuberculosis.

  • Portrayed by Ping Medina and Pen Medina in the 1998 film, Jose Rizal.
  • Portrayed by Joonee Gamboa in the 1999 film, Bayaning 3rd World.
  • Portrayed by Marco Alcaraz in the 2014 TV series, Ilustrado.
  • References

    Paciano Rizal Wikipedia