Harman Patil (Editor)

PTPRZ1

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Covid-19
Species  Human
Entrez  5803
Human  Mouse
Ensembl  ENSG00000106278
PTPRZ1
Aliases  PTPRZ1, HPTPZ, HPTPzeta, PTP-ZETA, PTP18, PTPRZ, PTPZ, R-PTP-zeta-2, RPTPB, RPTPbeta, phosphacan, protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type Z1
External IDs  MGI: 97816 HomoloGene: 2136 GeneCards: PTPRZ1

Receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase zeta also known as phosphacan is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PTPRZ1 gene.

Contents

Function

This gene is a member of the receptor tyrosine phosphatase family and encodes a single-pass type I membrane protein with two cytoplasmic tyrosine-protein phosphatase domains, an alpha-carbonic anhydrase domain and a fibronectin type III domain. Alternative splice variants that encode different protein isoforms have been described but their full-length nature has not been determined.

Clinical significance

Expression of this gene is induced in gastric cancer cells, in the remyelinating oligodendrocytes of multiple sclerosis lesions, and in human embryonic kidney cells under hypoxic conditions. Both the protein and transcript are overexpressed in glioblastoma cells, promoting their haptotactic migration.

References

PTPRZ1 Wikipedia


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