Rahul Sharma (Editor)


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Higher classification



Scientific name

Osmunda Osmunda plant lust

Lower classifications
Osmunda regalis, Interrupted fern, Osmunda japonica

Cinnamon fern osmunda cinnamomea

Osmunda is a genus of primarily temperate-zone ferns of family Osmundaceae. Five to ten species have been listed for this genus.


Osmunda Osmunda japonica Wikipedia

The species have completely dimorphic fronds or pinnae (hemidimorphic), green photosynthetic sterile fronds, and non-photosynthetic spore-bearing fertile pinnae, with large, naked sporangia. Because of the large mass of sporangia that ripen uniformly at the same time to a showy golden color, the ferns look as if they are in flower, and so this genus is sometimes called the "flowering ferns".

The genus is known in the fossil record back to the Triassic period from fragmentary foliage nearly identical to the living Osmunda claytoniana.

Osmunda Royal Fern Osmunda regalis var spectabilis the landscape of us

Paleontological evidence indicates that Osmunda claytoniana, a reputed “living fossil,” has maintained evolutionary stasis for at least 180 million years.

Osmunda wwwplantsystematicsorgusersrobbinupload7Osmu

Osmunda garden plants

Section Osmunda (Euosmunda)

  • Osmunda japonica – Japanese flowering fern
  • Osmunda lancea—Japanese lancea flowering fern
  • Osmunda regalis – Old World royal fern
  • Osmunda spectabilis - American royal fern
  • Osmunda wehrii - Miller (Middle Miocene, Washington state)
  • Section Plenasium

  • Osmunda angustifolia
  • Osmunda banksiifolia
  • Osmunda bromeliifolia
  • Osmunda javanica
  • Osmunda vachellii
  • Section Claytosmunda

  • Osmunda claytoniana – interrupted fern, Clayton'S fern
  • Osmunda claytoniites (Phipps et al., 1998)
  • Hybrids

  • Osmunda × ruggii: O. claytoniana × O. spectabilis
  • Osmunda × intermedia: O. lancea × O. japonica
  • Osmunda mildei: apparently a species, but arising from O. angustifolia × O. japonica
  • Osmundastrum

    The following species actually belong in the separate genus Osmundastrum, even though they have long been regarded as part of Osmunda:

  • Osmundastrum asiaticum (syn. Osmunda cinnamomea var. asiatica) – Asian cinnamon fern
  • Osmundastrum cinnamomeum – cinnamon fern
  • Characteristics

    Osmunda species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the engrailed.

    One of the species, the cinnamon fern (Osmundastrum cinnamomeum) forms huge clonal colonies in swamp areas. These ferns form massive rootstocks with densely matted, wiry roots. This root mass is an excellent substrate for many epiphytal plants. They are often harvested as osmundine and used horticulturally, especially in propagating and growing orchids.

    The derivation of the genus name is uncertain. A leading theory is that it is from an English folk tale of a boatman named Osmund hiding his wife and children in a patch of royal fern during the Danish invasion. Other theories propose that it is from Middle English and Middle French words for a type of fern.


    Osmunda Wikipedia