| 78 m|
Klaus Wehling (SPD)
| Gasometer Oberhausen, Konig Pilsener Arena, LVR Industrial Museum, Metronom Theater|
Urban districts of Germany
Oberhausen ( [ˈoːbɐhaʊzn̩]) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c. 13 km or 8.1 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen Castle (German: Schloss Oberhausen). The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten") was a bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, and the US Forces had reached the plant by 4 April 1945.
In 1973 Thyssen employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6,000.
In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.
The age breakdown of the population (2013) is:
There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014.
The unemployment rate is 10.0% (Dec 2015).
Oberhausen is twinned with: Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, since 1974
Zaporizhia, Ukraine, since 1986
Freital, Germany, since 1990
Carbonia, Italy, since 2002
Iglesias, Italy, since 2002
Mersin, Turkey, since 2004
Georg Schaltenbrand (1897–1979), author, neurologist and Multiple Sclerosis specialist
Reni Erkens (1909–1987), swimmer, Summer Olympics 1928
Wilhelm Brinkmann (1910–1991), field handball player
Erich Kempka (1910–1975), SS-officer and Adolf Hitler's driver
Werner Töniges (1910–1995), naval officer
Willy Jürissen (1912–1990), German national football team
Édouard Wawrzyniak (1912–1991), French national football team
Will Quadflieg (1914–2003), actor
Alf Marholm (1918–2006), actor, radio plays, audio books and voice
Arnulf Zitelmann (born 1929), writer
Paul Lange (1931–2016), kayaker, Olympic champion
Karl-Heinz Feldkamp (born 1934), soccer player and trainer
Hans Wagner (1934–1993), politician (CDU), member of parliament (North Rhine-Westphalia)
Wilhelm Keim (born 1934), chemist and professor for technical chemistry
Theo Vennemann (born 1937), linguist and professor of German and theoretical linguistics
Hans Siemensmeyer (born 1940), football player and coach
Wolf-Dieter Ahlenfelder (1944–2014), football referee
Tilman Spengler (born 1947), writer and journalist, author and co-editor of the magazine Kursbuch
Eckhard Stratmann-Mertens (born 1948), teacher and politician (Alliance '90 / The Greens), Member of Bundestag
Ditmar Jakobs (born 1953), football player
Willi Wülbeck (born 1954), athlete
Michael Grosse-Brömer (born 1960), politician (CDU), Member of Bundestag
Christoph Schlingensief (1960–2010), film and theater director, radio play writer and performance artist
Dirk Balthaus (born 1965), jazz pianist and composer
Esther Schweins (born 1970), actress and comedian
Markus Feldhoff (born 1974), football player
Mark Kleinschmidt (born 1974), rower