Trisha Shetty (Editor)

North European Plain

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A map of the North European Plain highlighting Poland.

Similar  Ural Mountains, Iberian Peninsula, Alps

Europe Physical and Climate (1)

The North European Plain (German: Norddeutsches Tiefland or German: Norddeutsche Tiefebene), or Middle European Plain (Polish: Nizina Środkowoeuropejska) is a geomorphological region in Europe, mostly in Poland, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands (Low Countries), and a small part of northern France.


A closer look of Poland as seen in a map of the North European Plains.

It consists of the low plains between the Hercynian Europe (Central European Highlands) to the south and coastlines of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the north. These two seas are separated by the Jutland Peninsula (Denmark). The North European Plain is connected to East European Plain, together forming the European Plain.

An older map of the North European Plains which also features Asia and Africa as well as various oceans.


The Northern European Plain's main use is commercial farming, with little natural vegetation remaining.


A map of the North European Plains with unlabeled places.

Elevations vary between 0 and 200 m (about 0 to 650 ft). While mostly used as farmland, the region also contains bogs, heath and lakes. On the North Sea coast one finds the Wadden Sea, a large tidal area.

A map of the North European Plains showing the Polish Funnel as well as Eastern Europe.

On the Baltic Sea coast one finds the Szczecin Lagoon, the Vistula Lagoon and the Curonian Lagoon, a number of large freshwater lagoons.


The North European Plain covers the territories of Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, and Poland; it touches the Czech Republic and southwestern part of Sweden as well. Parts of eastern England can also be considered part of the same plain; as they share its low-lying character and were connected by land to the continent during the last ice age. The Northern European Plains are located also under the Baltic Sea.


Major river-drainage basins include, from west to east: the Rhine, Ems, Weser, Elbe, Oder and Vistula.

The bases of these rivers are heavy with thin soil, making it hard for the farming industry to thrive in the located rivers.

Low CountriesEdit

Historically, especially in the Middle Ages and Early modern period, the western section has been known as the Low Countries.

Polish PlainsEdit

The part in modern-day Poland is called the "Polish Plain" (Polish: Ni┼╝ Polski or Nizina Polska) and stretches from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Sudetes and Carpathians

English flatlandsEdit

The extension of the plain into England consists mainly of the flatlands of East Anglia, the Fens and Lincolnshire, where the landscape is in parts strikingly similar to that of the Netherlands.


North European Plain Wikipedia