Map of Navoiy Region
Navoiy Region (Uzbek: Navoiy viloyati, Навоий вилояти, نەۋاىي وىلايەتى) is one of the regions of Uzbekistan. It is located in the central north/northwest of the country. The Kyzyl-Kum desert takes up a large portion of its territory, which is the largest of the regions of Uzbekistan (the autonomous Karakalpakstan Republic is still larger at 160,000 km2). The Navoiy region borders with Kazakhstan, Samarqand Region, Buxoro Region and the Karakalpakstan Republic. It covers an area of 110,800 km2. The population is estimated to be around 932,793 (2008), with some 60% living in rural areas. The region is named after Ali-Shir Nava'i.
Navoiy region is divided into 8 administrative districts. The capital is Navoiy (pop est 128,000). Other towns include Kyzyltepa, Nurata, Uchkuduk, Zarafshan, and Yangirabad.
The climate is a typically semi-desert continental climate.
Navoiy region has significant natural resources, especially natural gas, petroleum, and precious metals, plus raw materials for construction. The region's economy is heavily dependent on large mining, metallurgical and chemical production complexes. The Navoi and Zarafshan mines produce some of the world's purest gold.
Leading agricultural products are cotton and Karakul sheep. Some 90% of the entire area is considered potentially rich agricultural land, if a source of water for irrigation can be located.
Navoi Region is located in the central part of Uzbekistan, being one of the largest industrial centres of the country. The region possesses rich minerals and raw materials resources – Muruntau gold-bearing field, silica sand fields (of more than 1.5 billion tons), deposits of granite (1.9 billion cubic meters), marble (420 million cubic meters), phosphorites (1.5 billion tons) and many others.
Navoi Mining and Metallurgy Combinat – the biggest enterprise of the region, is included in top ten largest world producers of uranium and gold (9999 standard). Gold bars produced by the Combinat are awarded with the status of “optimal gold delivery” by London Precious Metals Market and Tokyo Commodities Exchange. Along with mining, the region’s economy is based on production of building materials, chemical, textile and food industries.
40 foreign investment enterprises operate in Navoiy Region. Most of them are established with participation of investors from USA, China, Russia and the United Kingdom – Uzbek-British Joint Venture “Amantaytau-Goldfields” is successfully working in the region.